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Events, births and deaths that occurred on May 31.
- 1869 - The first rainout in professional baseball occurs as heavy rain postpones the Red Stockings game against the Antioch Nine.
- 1914 - Joe Benz of the Chicago White Sox pitches a no-hitter against the Cleveland Naps for a 6 - 1 victory.
- 1925 - Ty Cobb's 275th triple makes him the first player ever with 1,000 extra-base hits. He will finish his career with 1,136 extra-base hits, the all-time record until Babe Ruth passes him on June 21, 1931.
- 1927 - There is an unassisted triple play for the second consecutive day in the major leagues. During the 9th inning of a game at Tiger Stadium, Detroit first baseman Johnny Neun completes the rare play by catching a Homer Summa line drive, tagging Charlie Jamieson between first and second, and then touching second before Glenn Myatt can return. Detroit beats the Indians, 1 - 0.
- 1937 - Carl Hubbell of the New York Giants ends his 24-game win streak with a 10 - 3 loss to the Brooklyn Dodgers. His last defeat came on July 13, 1936, 1 - 0 to the Chicago Cubs.
- 1938 - Lou Gehrig plays in his 2,000th consecutive game and collects a RBI single, helping the Yankees defeat the Boston Red Sox, 12 - 5.
- 1944 - Al Unser hits his only home run of the season, a pinch-hit grand slam with two outs in the bottom of the 9th inning, helping the Detroit Tigers beat the New York Yankees, 6 - 2.
- 1950 - Tokyu Flyers pitcher Makizo Itoh gives up a Nippon Pro Baseball record 18 runs in a game against the Mainichi Orions.
- 1958 - Masayuki Dobashi of the Toei Flyers sets a Nippon Pro Baseball record with 16 strikeouts (later broken); he also becomes the second NPB hurler to fan nine in a row, following Takao Kajimoto.
- A bunt single by Dick Groat and a pair of tape measure two-baggers from Roberto Clemente and Dick Stuart provide all the support Pittsburgh starter Joe Gibbon needs in his complete game victory over the Milwaukee Braves. The Bucs batter the Braves, 9 - 1, and 9 doubles to none. Future Hall of Famer Hank Aaron keeps the Braves from being shut out with a home run, which carries, according to Pirate beat writer Les Biederman, "over the left-field fence on a low line as though shot out of a rifle." Biederman adds that Pittsburgh's opening-round moon shots target a couple of familiar Forbes Field landmarks: Clemente's two-bagger bounces on the warning track at the 436-foot sign, while Stuart's two-run double goes to the light tower in right center.
- Batting for Carl Yastrzemski, Boston Red Sox pinch hitter Carroll Hardy bunts for a single in the 8th inning of 7 - 6 loss to the Yankees. Hardy will be the only player to pinch-hit for both Yastrzemski and Ted Williams.
- At Shea Stadium, the New York Mets and the San Francisco Giants play the longest doubleheader in major league history - 9 hours, 52 minutes - with the help of a 23-inning game in the nightcap that is won by the visiting Giants, 8 - 6, on run-scoring hits by Del Crandall and Felipe Alou against Galen Cisco. The game takes 7:23 to play. In the opener, Juan Marichal pitches a complete game and Orlando Cepeda goes 3 for 4 with two runs and one RBI for a Giants 5 - 3 victory.
- Roberto Clemente's fifth career home run off Sandy Koufax is a game-tying, bases-empty blast of epic proportions; following immediately upon the heels of a collective Pirates meltdown transforming a three-run lead into a one-run deficit, "Koufax was bombed for one of the longest home runs in Forbes Field annals," writes Dodgers beat writer Frank Finch. "Señor Clemente touched off a moon shot that struck high on a light tower in center field, some 450 feet from the plate. Had it missed the tower, it certainly would have sailed at least 500 feet. It was No. 5 for the ex-Dodger chattel, and tied the score at 4 - 4."
- 1970 - Luis Aparicio and Walt Williams of the Chicago White Sox each collect five hits in a 22 - 13 rout of the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park. Williams also scores five times. Chicago (24) and Boston (16) collect 40 hits, one short of the American League record for two teams in a regular game set in 1950.
- 1975 - César Tovar of Texas becomes the second player to collect the only hit in five one-hitters, doing so in a 6 - 0 loss to Catfish Hunter of the Yankees. Tovar also had the only hit while playing for the Minnesota Twins on April 30, 1967; May 15 and August 10, 1969; and August 13, 1970. Billy Williams preceded Tovar in setting this record a month earlier, and Eddie Milner will tie it in 1986.
- 1980 - Ken Landreaux of the Minnesota Twins goes 0 for 4 in an 11 - 1 loss to the Baltimore Orioles, ending his hitting streak at 31 consecutive games, the longest streak in the American League since Dom DiMaggio hit safely in 34 games in a row in 1949.
- 1983 - American League President Lee MacPhail suspends Yankees owner George Steinbrenner for one week, citing "repeated problems" with the outspoken owner's public criticism of umpires. Steinbrenner, who was fined $50,000 by Commissioner Bowie Kuhn during spring training for berating some National League umpires, cannot attend games or be in his Yankee Stadium office during the suspension.
- 1997 - Ila Borders becomes the first woman to play in a minor league game. The St. Paul Saints reliever gives up three runs to the Sioux Falls Canaries without recording an out, but will redeem herself the next day by striking out the side.
- 1999 - Umpire Frank Pulli uses a television replay to take away a home run from Cliff Floyd of the Florida Marlins in the fifth inning of a 5 - 2 loss to the St. Louis Cardinals.
- At Safeco Field, Seattle Mariners ace Aaron Sele trims the Baltimore Orioles, 2 - 1. Sele is now 8-0 and the Mariners are 40-12. The Orioles' only run is Cal Ripken, Jr.'s 420th career home run.
- Nelson Barrera launches his 454th Mexican League homer, taking Gaudencio Aguirre deep. He breaks Hector Espino's home run record; earlier this year, Espino had lost his career run record to Daniel Fernandez. Tragically, Barrera will be electrocuted in a freak accident in a year's time.
- 2002 - Carlos Beltran hits a grand slam and adds a solo home run in the 11th inning to pace the Royals to a 10 - 7 victory over Texas. His solo shot is the first of three consecutive home runs in the 11th, as Mike Sweeney and Joe Randa follow suit. The Royals become just the second major league team to hit at least three consecutive home runs in extra innings. Back on May 2, 1964, also in the 11th inning, the Minnesota Twins hit four consecutive home runs, by Tony Oliva, Bob Allison, Jimmie Hall and Harmon Killebrew. Getting back to tonight, Kansas City's one remaining home run comes with the bases empty, courtesy of Neifi Perez, while Texas gets a pair of two-run blasts from Alex Rodriguez.
- 2005 - The Kansas City Royals hire Buddy Bell as their new manager, three weeks after Tony Peña resigned. Bell, the bench coach for the Indians, has previously managed Detroit and Colorado.
- Roger Clemens agrees to terms on a one-year deal with the Houston Astros to come back for a 23rd season, or at least the remaining four months of the current season. The seven-time Cy Young Award winner ends his seven-month retirement by accepting a deal that will pay him approximately $12.8 million - the pro-rated value of his $22,000,022 seasonal contract - to pitch for the Astros for the balance of the current season.
- Jose Castillo hits a home run in his fifth straight game as Pittsburgh beats Milwaukee for the third consecutive time, 6 - 1, at PNC Park. Sean Casey and Jason Bay hit back-to-back homers while Freddy Sanchez goes 3 for 4 with three runs. Pittsburgh has outscored Milwaukee 32 - 5 through the first three games of this four-game series.
- The Kansas City Royals replace general manager Allard Baird with Dayton Moore of the Atlanta Braves organization. Holding the worst record in the majors at 13-37, the floundering Royals are on pace to lose 100 or more games for the fourth time in five seasons.
- The Red Sox win 6 - 3 over the Orioles. In the 7th inning, Manny Ramirez homers off Chad Bradford to become the 24th player in major league history to have hit 500 career circuit clouts.
- The Pirates top the Cards, 14 - 4, thanks to a grand slam by Luis Rivas and fine pitching from Paul Maholm. It is Tony LaRussa's 2,000th game as manager of the St. Louis Cardinals, passing Red Schoendienst for first in franchise history.
- For the first time in 100 years, the Chicago Cubs have the best record in Major League Baseball entering June. The Cubs are 36-21.
- 2009 - Florida State University defeats Ohio State University, 37 - 6, in regional tournament action in Tallahassee, FL.
- Ubaldo Jimenez of the Rockies throws his second career shutout - his first was his no-hitter on April 17th - in beating San Francisco, 4 - 0. He is the first pitcher to reach 10 wins in the majors this year, defeating defending Cy Young Award winner Tim Lincecum.
- Alex Rodriguez may not be his usual superhuman self this season, but it's still a bad idea to issue an intentional walk to face him with the bases loaded. The Indians find this out the hard way, as A-Rod connects for a grand slam in the 7th inning, turning a 2 - 1 Yankees lead into an 11 - 2 rout. The slam is the 20th of his career, placing him third on the all-time list, behind Lou Gehrig (23) and Manny Ramirez (21).
- San Diego score their most runs at home since moving to PETCO Park in 2004, routing New York, 18 - 6. The last two runs are scored against Oliver Perez, who has pitched so poorly that manager Jerry Manuel has relegated him to the deepest reaches of the bullpen. Jerry Hairston hits a grand slam for the Padres, who remain two games ahead in the NL West.
- The Tigers designate pitcher Dontrelle Willis for assignment. He seemed to have turned a corner in his comeback bid when he made the Tigers' starting rotation out of spring training, but has only won one game all season. This may not yet be the end of the line for the gregarious lefthander, though, as both the Diamondbacks and Marlins have shown interest in acquiring his services. On June 1st, Willis will be traded to Arizona for P Billy Buckner.
- The Orioles' Jeremy Guthrie is cruising along to a win over the Mariners when Justin Smoak blasts a three-run home run in the bottom of the 8th to turn a 2 - 0 lead for the O's into a 3 - 2 loss. With two outs, Ichiro Suzuki had reached on an error by Guthrie and Brendan Ryan on an infield single prior to the blast; none of the runs are earned. Seattle has won 11 of its last 14 games to get back in the middle of the race in the AL West.
- Anibal Sanchez pitches 8 innings and drives in 2 runs as Florida stops Arizona's seven-game winning streak, 5 - 2. Leo Nunez picks up his 19th save in 20 chances in relief of Sanchez.
- The Astros pound out 6 runs on 5 hits in the 9th inning to keep Jordan Lyles from losing his major league debut against the Cubs. Trailing 3 - 1 against hard-throwing Carlos Marmol at Wrigley Field, Houston starts the inning with a single by Brett Wallace; Chris Johnson, Matt Downs and Michael Bourn also get hits, and after a walk, Hunter Pence puts the game out of reach with a three-run homer. Lyles, the youngest player in the majors, keeps the Cubs scoreless through 7 before coughing up a pair of runs - one of them unearned - to start the 8th. Reliever Fernando Rodriguez gets credit for his first career win.
- Marietta College routs Chapman University, 18 - 5, to win the Division III College World Series. It is their fifth Division III title, breaking a tie with Eastern Connecticut State for the most. Austin Blaski gets his second win of the Series to win Most Outstanding Player of the tournament honors.
- 2012 - With a 1st-inning three-run homer off Bud Norris of the Astros, Colorado's Carlos Gonzalez sets a franchise record with his fourth consecutive long ball. He had hit homers in his last three at-bats in the Rockies' 13 - 5 win over Houston the previous day. The shaken Astros walk him intentionally the next time he comes to the plate in the 2nd inning. Colorado goes on to to win, 11 - 5, completing a four-game sweep.
- 2013 - Jacob Turner beats the Mets, 5 - 1, in his season debut to end the Marlins' 9-game losing streak. Shaun Marcum falls to 0-6.
- 2015 - Martin Maldonado ends a 17-inning marathon with a solo walk-off homer off Vidal Nuno to give the Brewers a 7 - 6 win over the Diamondbacks. Maldonado goes 4-for-6 with 3 runs and 2 RBIs while catching all 17 innings. Matt Garza throws five scoreless innings in his first relief appearance since 2010 to earn the win. At 5 hours and 49 minutes, it is the longest game by time in the history of Miller Park.
- The Rockies tie a team record by hitting 7 homers in a 17 - 4 drubbing of the Reds. Nolan Arenado and Charlie Blackmon hit two homers each. Losing pitcher Jon Moscot surrenders four of the long balls in his return from the disabled list, including one by Blackmon to lead off the bottom of the 1st.
- The Red Sox continue to pound the ball as Mookie Betts hits three homers and drives in five runs in a 6 - 2 win over the Orioles. Xander Bogaerts extends his hitting streak to 24 games with a 7th-inning single. The Red Sox start off with a blast as Betts and Dustin Pedroia go deep back-to-back against Kevin Gausman to open the game.
- 2017 - The Astros continue their torrid pace with a 17 - 5 beatdown of the Twins at Target Field, their seventh straight win. They hit a season-high six homers, including a pair by George Springer, and now have 38 wins, five more than any other major league team. Their lead in the AL West is already 11 games.
- The Venezuelan national team beats Cuba in a world-level event for the first time since the 1953 Amateur World Series. In the opener of the 2021 Americas Olympic Qualifier, Carlos Pérez hits a three-run homer off Lázaro Blanco in the 1st and Hernán Pérez falls a double shy of a cycle. Moisés Gómez saves the 6 - 5 win for Jhonathan Diaz.
- Canada also starts strong, as Andrew Albers, Brendan McGuigan and Ben Onyshko combine on a no-hitter (walking one and hitting one batter) in a 7 - 0 win over Colombia. Jacob Robson has 3 hits, 2 runs and 3 RBI. In other action, Team USA beats Nicaragua, 7 - 1, behind the pitching of Matthew Liberatore and 3 hits apiece from Luke Williams and Jarren Duran, and the Dominican national team tops Puerto Rico, 5 - 2, with 43-year-old Cuban defector Raúl Valdés getting the victory.
- 2022 - The Reds win their first game at Fenway Park since Game 7 of the 1975 World Series when they defeat the Red Sox, 2 - 1, beind a ten-strikeout performance by Luis Castillo, who allows just 1 hit in 6 innings. The Reds had played six games at Fenway since their last win, and had lost them all.
- 1844 - Jim Lovett, umpire (d. 1935)
- 1859 - Dupee Shaw, pitcher (d. 1938)
- 1873 - Bill Leith, pitcher (d. 1940)
- 1884 - Bill Foxen, pitcher (d. 1937)
- 1892 - George Smith, pitcher (d. 1965)
- 1894 - John Sullivan, pitcher (d. 1958)
- 1896 - Socks Seibold, pitcher (d. 1965)
- 1903 - John Russell, scout (d. 1973)
- 1905 - Peaches Davis, pitcher (d. 1995)
- 1912 - Dutch Fehring, catcher (d. 2006)
- 1913 - Johnnie Cowan, infielder (d. 1993)
- 1920 - Edward Bennett Williams, owner (d. 1988)
- 1923 - Ike Jackson, minor league catcher (d. 1964)
- 1924 - Paul Fauks, minor league executive (d. 2012)
- 1930 - Russ Goetz, umpire (d. 2017)
- 1938 - Ray Washburn, pitcher
- 1943 - Jackie Brown, pitcher (d. 2017)
- 1948 - Don Koonce, minor league pitcher (d. 2019)
- 1950 - Tippy Martinez, pitcher; All-Star
- 1952 - Dwight Bernard, pitcher
- 1952 - Gordie Clark, Canadian national team infielder
- 1952 - Tom Wise, minor league infielder
- 1954 - Greg Erardi, pitcher
- 1955 - Larry Owen, catcher (d. 2018)
- 1956 - Fujio Sumi, NPB infielder
- 1958 - Miguel Ibarra, scout
- 1960 - Jeff Schaefer, infielder
- 1962 - Joe Orsulak, outfielder
- 1963 - Malcolm Gregg, Australian national team pitcher
- 1965 - Kazuhiko Daimon, NPB pitcher
- 1967 - Joe Logan, minor league pitcher
- 1967 - Kenny Lofton, outfielder; All-Star
- 1967 - Bill Miller, umpire
- 1969 - Rikkert Faneyte, outfielder
- 1969 - Michael Nind, Australian national team infielder
- 1969 - Iwao Omura, NPB outfielder
- 1969 - Tim Van Egmond, pitcher
- 1970 - Dilson Torres, pitcher
- 1971 - Jose Malave, outfielder
- 1972 - Roger Etheridge, minor league pitcher
- 1972 - Pil-sun Kang, KBO infielder
- 1972 - Dave Roberts, outfielder; manager
- 1973 - Dale Alvarez, Guam national team outfielder
- 1973 - Scott Demetral, minor league infielder
- 1973 - Marty Janzen, pitcher
- 1974 - Mariano Cádiz, Argentinian national team infielder
- 1974 - Miguel Gómez, minor league pitcher
- 1975 - Mac Suzuki, pitcher
- 1977 - Phil Devey, minor league pitcher
- 1978 - Casey Kopitzke, minor league catcher and manager
- 1981 - Herman Alfonso, Palauan national team outfielder
- 1981 - Ray Olmedo, infielder
- 1981 - Jake Peavy, pitcher; All-Star
- 1982 - Alexandre Couton, Division Elite infielder
- 1983 - Takahiko Nomaguchi, NPB pitcher
- 1984 - Andrew Bailey, pitcher; All-Star
- 1984 - Jesus Castillo, minor league pitcher
- 1984 - Mario Lissón, minor league infielder and manager
- 1984 - Robert Verschuren, South African national team pitcher
- 1985 - Dennis De Quint, Hoofdklasse infielder
- 1985 - Ryan Wehrle, minor league infielder
- 1986 - C.J. Henry, minor league infielder
- 1986 - Drew Naylor, NPB pitcher
- 1986 - Michael Valadez, minor league player
- 1987 - Woo-chan Cha, KBO pitcher
- 1988 - Jonathan Cornelius, minor league pitcher
- 1988 - Lukas Rigele, Austrian national team utility man
- 1988 - Sammie Starr, minor league infielder
- 1989 - Edgar Ibarra, pitcher
- 1989 - Johan Jansson, Elitserien infielder
- 1989 - Weiqiang Meng, China Baseball League catcher
- 1989 - Jordan Stouffer, minor league infielder
- 1990 - Ciska Welboren, Dutch women's national team pitcher
- 1991 - Matt Bowman, pitcher
- 1992 - Simon Vicente, French Division I infielder
- 1993 - John Mora, minor league outfielder
- 1993 - Juan Urbina, minor league pitcher
- 1994 - Dylan Cozens, outfielder
- 1994 - David Fletcher, infielder
- 1995 - Gerson Bautista, pitcher
- 1995 - Shane Bieber, pitcher; All-Star
- 1995 - Greg Deichmann, outfielder
- 1995 - Kwon Ju, KBO pitcher
- 1995 - Dexter Stewart, Great Britain national team catcher
- 1996 - Trey Supak, minor league pitcher
- 1999 - Emerson Hancock, minor league pitcher
- 1999 - Elián Miranda, Nicaraguan national team infielder
- 2000 - Anderson Melendez, minor league outfielder
- 1893 - Bill French, outfielder (b. 1849)
- 1900 - Tom Patterson, outfielder (b. 1845)
- 1908 - Robert Maloney, outfielder (b. 1856)
- 1916 - Bud Sharpe, infielder (b. 1881)
- 1922 - John Coleman, outfielder (b. 1863)
- 1925 - Harry Deane, outfielder, manager (b. 1846)
- 1928 - Grant Briggs, catcher (b. 1865)
- 1935 - Case Patten, pitcher (b. 1874)
- 1937 - John Reilly, infielder (b. 1858)
- 1944 - John McKelvey, outfielder (b. 1847)
- 1945 - Dom Malchiodi, minor league catcher (b. 1920)
- 1947 - Jimmie Wilson, catcher, manager; All-Star (b. 1900)
- 1955 - Henry Jones, infielder (b. 1857)
- 1963 - Ernie Sulik, outfielder (b. 1910)
- 1964 - Rabbit Warstler, infielder (b. 1903)
- 1970 - Zip Zabel, pitcher (b. 1891)
- 1972 - Willie Jefferson, pitcher (b. 1904)
- 1981 - Mike Smith, outfielder (b. 1904)
- 1985 - Jake Early, catcher; All-Star (b. 1915)
- 1986 - Dixie McArthur, pitcher (b. 1892)
- 1987 - Jerry Adair, infielder (b. 1936)
- 1990 - Charlie Shoemaker, infielder (b. 1939)
- 1992 - Karl Schnell, pitcher (b. 1899)
- 1993 - Jimmy Hill, pitcher; All-Star (b. 1918)
- 1995 - Norm Brown, pitcher (b. 1919)
- 1996 - Dan Morgan, minor league pitcher (b. 1956)
- 2000 - Hank Ruszkowski, catcher (b. 1925)
- 2001 - Santos Amaro, minor league outfielder; Salon de la Fama (b. 1908)
- 2001 - Jim Whatley, minor league first baseman and college coach (b. 1913)
- 2008 - Joe Lewis Sr., scout (b. 1906)
- 2009 - James Tillman, Negro League player (b. 1919)
- 2012 - Edmund Keehan, minor league outfielder (b. 1921)
- 2013 - Richie Phillips, MLUA official (b. 1940)
- 2014 - Jack Dittmer, infielder (b. 1928)
- 2015 - Gil Carter, minor league outfielder (b. 1932)
- 2017 - Jessie Huggins, minor league pitcher (b. 1944)
- 2020 - Bob Bennett, college coach (b. 1933)
- 2020 - Frank Layana, minor league outfielder (b. 1934)
- 2021 - Mike Marshall, pitcher; All-Star (b. 1943)
- 2022 - Teun Gaartman, Hoofdklasse outfielder (b. 1928)
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