A triple, also called a three-base hit and abbreviated 3B, is a base hit that allows the batter to reach third base without the benefit of an error.
A triple is also awarded when a player is thrown out at home plate trying for an inside-the-park home run. The triple is the least common of all hits and often the most difficult part of hitting for the cycle. Players who hit a lot of triples are usually speedsters who can take advantage of a batted ball finding a gap between outfielders and rolling all the way to the fence. The number of triples hit is also affected by the configuration of the ballpark: a park with a large outfield area and a distant fence will be more conducive to hitting triples that a bandbox.
Researchers have demonstrated that the fall in the number of triples hit over the years is directly correlated to the decrease of ballpark size: whereas it was once common for ballparks to have a centerfield fence 450 or more feet from home plate, the absolute maximum now is 420 feet. The fall in triples hit tracks the decrease in average outfield size.
|All Time Leaders|
|Game||Bill Joyce||4||May 18, 1897|
|Game||George Strief||4||June 25, 1885|
|NPB Career||Yutaka Fukumoto||115|
|NPB Season||Masayuki Kaneda||18||1912|
|Minors Career||Joe Riggert||228|
|Minors Season||Jack Cross||32||1925|
|AAGPBL Career||Eleanor Callow||60|
|AAGPBL Season||Betty Foss||17||1952|
- Theo Tobel: "The Mystery of the Disappearing Three-Bagger", Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 51, Number 2 (Fall 2022), pp. 48-51.
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