Jimmie Dykes

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Jimmy Dykes.jpg

James Joseph Dykes
also known as Jimmy

  • Bats Right, Throws Right
  • Height 5' 9", Weight 185 lb.

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Biographical Information[edit]

Jimmie Dykes had both a very long playing career and also a lengthy managerial career. During his playing career, much of the time he played under Connie Mack, which influenced his managerial career.

His playing career lasted 22 years - all with two teams: the Philadelphia Athletics from 1918 to 1932, and the Chicago White Sox from 1932 to 1939. He broke in at the age of 21, and was still playing at the age of 42. According to the similarity scores method, the most similar player is B.J. Surhoff. However, his contemporary "Rowdy Richard" Dick Bartell might be a more meaningful similar player.

When Dykes reached the majors with the Athletics in 1918, they were not much of a team, finishing last in the American League. Both he and shortstop Joe Dugan (later to play on the 1927 New York Yankees) were 21 years old and hit under .200, with Dykes getting 186 at-bats. The most prominent player that year was "Tioga" George Burns, who hit .352. The Athletics were to finish last each year for the first several years of Dykes' career.

Dykes became a regular in 1920, hitting over .300 several times, but mostly being under .300. He neither scored nor drove in 100 runs in any season. He was an expert at being hit by the pitch, leading the league several times, and almost always being among the leaders in that category. In 1927, he hit .324 and was 8th in the MVP voting.

The Athletics won the World Series in 1929 and 1931, and also won the AL pennant in 1931. Dykes played alongside such players as Mickey Cochrane, "Bucketfoot" Al Simmons, Jimmie Foxx and Lefty Grove, all of whom were younger than him. He hit .421 in the 1929 World Series.

Connie Mack dismantled the team for monetary reasons in the early 1930s, and Dykes was purchased by the White Sox, where he spent the last 7 years of his playing career. Despite the presence of Luke Appling and Ted Lyons, the Sox did not win the pennant in any of those years. Al Simmons, Dykes' teammate from the Athletics, also spent several of those seasons with the White Sox.

Lifetime, Dykes played in 2,282 games with 2,256 hits. He had 453 doubles and a .280 average. His 228 sacrifice hits put him at #53 on the all-time list.

He played all the infield positions, with the bulk of his appearances at third base.

Dykes became manager of the White Sox in 1934, and for the last six years of his playing career, he was a player/manager. He managed 13 years for the Sox, never finishing higher than third. He then managed the Hollywood Stars of the Pacific Coast League, taking over the team towards the end of 1946 and continuing until being replaced during the 1948 season. His overall managerial record with the Stars was 182-215. He then returned to the Athletics as a coach in 1949 and 1950, before taking over as the team's skipper in 1951. His accession to the position was the result of a front office coup, as Connie Mack had wanted his son Earle Mack to succeed him; however, he had waited so long to step down that the club's other stockholders, the heirs to Ben Shibe and his own son Connie Mack Jr., rebelled and voted to appoint Dykes at the helm. He remained the club's skipper through 1953, before spending a year as skipper of the Baltimore Orioles.

Dykes was then a member of the Cincinnati Redlegs' coaching staff from 1955 to 1958, managing the team for the latter part of the 1958 season. After a brief stint as a coach for the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1959, Dykes became manager of the Detroit Tigers later that season. While with Detroit, he was part of one of the more unusual trades in baseball history. He went to the Cleveland Indians in 1960 in a trade for fellow skipper Joe Gordon.

Dykes spent the 1962 season as a member of the Milwaukee Braves staff, and he ended his coaching career with the team his playing career began with, the Athletics, now in Kansas City. He was a coach for the team in 1963 and 1964. All told, he managed for 21 years in the major leagues with a record of 1,406-1,541 and three seasons in the minor leagues with a record of 182-215.

Dykes' son, Jimmie Dykes Jr., was slated to get a try-out with the Terre Haute Phillies in 1947 [1].

Notable Achievements[edit]

Preceded by
Lew Fonseca
Chicago White Sox Manager
Succeeded by
Ted Lyons
Preceded by
Connie Mack
Philadelphia Athletics Manager
Succeeded by
Eddie Joost
Preceded by
Marty Marion
Baltimore Orioles Manager
Succeeded by
Paul Richards
Preceded by
Birdie Tebbetts
Cincinnati Reds Manager
Succeeded by
Mayo Smith
Preceded by
Bill Norman
Detroit Tigers Manager
Succeeded by
Joe Gordon
Preceded by
Joe Gordon
Cleveland Indians Manager
Succeeded by
Mel McGaha

Year-By-Year Managerial Record[edit]

Year Team League Record Finish Organization Playoffs Notes
1934 Chicago White Sox American League 49-88 8th Chicago White Sox replaced Lew Fonseca (4-11) on May 9
1935 Chicago White Sox American League 74-78 5th Chicago White Sox
1936 Chicago White Sox American League 81-70 3rd Chicago White Sox
1937 Chicago White Sox American League 86-68 3rd Chicago White Sox
1938 Chicago White Sox American League 65-83 6th Chicago White Sox
1939 Chicago White Sox American League 85-69 4th Chicago White Sox
1940 Chicago White Sox American League 82-72 4th Chicago White Sox
1941 Chicago White Sox American League 77-77 3rd Chicago White Sox
1942 Chicago White Sox American League 66-82 6th Chicago White Sox
1943 Chicago White Sox American League 82-72 4th Chicago White Sox
1944 Chicago White Sox American League 71-83 7th Chicago White Sox
1945 Chicago White Sox American League 71-78 6th Chicago White Sox
1946 Chicago White Sox American League 10-20 -- Chicago White Sox replaced by Ted Lyons on May 26
Hollywood Stars Pacific Coast League 29-23 3rd Pittsburgh Pirates Lost in 1st round replaced Buck Fausett (66-65)
1947 Hollywood Stars Pacific Coast League 88-98 6th Chicago White Sox
1948 Hollywood Stars Pacific Coast League 65-88 -- Chicago White Sox replaced by Lou Stringer on August 28
1951 Philadelphia Athletics American League 70-84 6th Philadelphia Athletics
1952 Philadelphia Athletics American League 79-75 4th Philadelphia Athletics
1953 Philadelphia Athletics American League 59-95 7th Philadelphia Athletics
1954 Baltimore Orioles American League 54-100 7th Baltimore Orioles
1958 Cincinnati Redlegs National League 24-27 4th Cincinnati Redlegs replaced Birdie Tebbetts (52-61) on August 14
1959 Detroit Tigers American League 74-63 4th Detroit Tigers replaced Bill Norman (2-15) on May 3
1960 Detroit Tigers American League 44-52 -- Detroit Tigers replaced by Billy Hitchcock on August 3
Cleveland Indians American League 26-32 4th Cleveland Indians replaced Joe Gordon (49-46) and Jo-Jo White (1-0) on August 5
1961 Cleveland Indians American League 77-83 -- Cleveland Indians replaced by Mel Harder on October 1

Related Sites[edit]