Hugh Duffy

From BR Bullpen


Hugh Duffy

  • Bats Right, Throws Right
  • Height 5' 7", Weight 168 lb.

Inducted into Hall of Fame in 1945

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Biographical Information[edit]

Hugh Duffy.jpg

"His fielding, batting and base-running are of the highest order, and make him one of the greatest players in the profession." - Sporting Life, October 7, 1893

Hall of Famer Hugh Duffy has the highest full-season major league batting average of all time, hitting .440 in 1894. He had a 17-year major league career and also managed for 8 years. He won the 1894 Triple Crown, played on the top Boston Beaneaters teams of the 1890s, and had a lifetime batting average of .324. His teammates in the Beaneaters outfield included Hall of Famers Billy Hamilton and Tommy McCarthy.

Duffy was a Boston Red Sox coach in the late 1930s when Ted Williams came up. He worked with Williams on his hitting. When Williams was batting over .400 in 1941, a reporter asked him if he was going to break Duffy's all-time record for highest batting average, and Williams said he hoped not because he liked Duffy a lot.

Duffy originally came to the majors at age 21 with Cap Anson's 1888 Chicago White Stockings. George Van Haltren was one year older and the two of them tried to get playing time in the outfield. Both became regular outfielders in 1889 along with Jimmy Ryan. In 1890, Duffy and Ryan both played for Chicago's entry in the Players League. Duffy then moved in 1891 to the pennant-winning Boston Reds in the American Association, where he was a teammate of Dan Brouthers. He came to the Beaneaters in 1892, who won the pennant and repeated in 1893, 1897 and 1898.

Duffy turned the amazing feat of a career .300+ average in 4 different major leagues - the National League, the American Association, the Players League and the American League.

In 1901, he played for and managed the Milwaukee Brewers, in the American League's inaugural season as a major league. He later served stints as skipper of Harvard University (1918-1919), Boston College (1928-1930, a few years after the other Heavenly Twin had done so), the Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago White Sox, and Boston Red Sox and was also on the Red Sox coaching staff in 1931 and 1939. He also scouted for the Red Sox.

He was not particularly successful as a manager, finishing no higher than 4th in the league in 8 years of managing. He had more success managing in the minor leagues.

Notable Achievements[edit]

1895 N300 Mayo
  • NL Triple Crown (1894)
  • NL Batting Average Leader (1894)
  • NL Slugging Percentage Leader (1894)
  • NL OPS Leader (1894)
  • 2-time League At Bats Leader (1889/NL & 1890/PL)
  • PL Runs Scored Leader (1890)
  • 2-time League Hits Leader (1890/PL & 1894/NL)
  • NL Total Bases Leader (1894)
  • 2-time League Singles Leader (1891/AA & 1893/NL)
  • NL Doubles Leader (1894)
  • 2-time NL Home Runs Leader (1894 & 1897)
  • 2-time League RBI Leader (1891/AA & 1894/NL)
  • 100 RBI Seasons: 8 (1891 & 1893-1899)
  • 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 9 (1889-1895, 1897 & 1899)
  • 200 Hits Seasons: 2 (1893 & 1894)
  • 50 Stolen Bases Seasons: 4 (1889-1892)
  • Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1945

Preceded by
Milwaukee Brewers Manager
Succeeded by
Jimmy McAleer
Preceded by
Charles Zimmer
Philadelphia Phillies Manager
Succeeded by
Billy Murray
Preceded by
Billy Sullivan
Chicago White Sox Manager
Succeeded by
Nixey Callahan
Preceded by
Ed Barrow
Boston Red Sox Manager
Succeeded by
Frank Chance

Year-By-Year Managerial Record[edit]

Year Team League Record Finish Organization Playoffs Notes
1901 Milwaukee Brewers American League 48-89 8th Milwaukee Brewers
1902 Milwaukee Creams Western League 80-54 3rd none
1903 Milwaukee Creams Western League 83-43 1st none League Champs
1904 Philadelphia Phillies National League 52-100 8th Philadelphia Phillies
1905 Philadelphia Phillies National League 83-69 4th Philadelphia Phillies
1906 Philadelphia Phillies National League 71-82 4th Philadelphia Phillies
1907 Providence Grays Eastern League 72-63 3rd none none
1908 Providence Grays Eastern League 79-57 2nd none none
1909 Providence Grays Eastern League 80-70 3rd none none
1910 Chicago White Sox American League 68-85 6th Chicago White Sox
1911 Chicago White Sox American League 77-74 4th Chicago White Sox
1912 Milwaukee Brewers American Association 78-84 -- none replaced by Pep Clark (0-1) on September 23
1913 Portland Duffs New England League 71-49 2nd none none
1914 Portland Duffs New England League 70-48 3rd none none
1915 Portland Duffs New England League 77-42 1st none League Champs
1916 Portland Duffs Eastern League 81-37 2nd none none
1920 Toronto Maple Leafs International League 108-46 2nd none none
1921 Boston Red Sox American League 75-79 5th Boston Red Sox
1922 Boston Red Sox American League 61-93 8th Boston Red Sox

Records Held[edit]

  • Batting average, season, .440, 1894
  • Batting average, right handed batter, season, .440, 1894

Further Reading[edit]

  • Donald Hubbard: The Heavenly Twins of Boston Baseball: A Dual Biography of Hugh Duffy and Tommy McCarthy, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2008.

Related Sites[edit]