Caleb Abney played four years of college baseball at Covenant College and graduated in 2011 with a degree in interdisciplinary studies. He moved onto graduate school at the University of Georgia where he earned a master's degree in kinesiology in 2012.
Since getting his bachelor's degree, Abney has gained baseball coaching experience in a variety of settings. He started as the head varsity coach in 2012 with the Westminster Christian Academy Lions. In 2014, he took a jaunt to the other side of the planet and worked as a player/coach for the Pakenham Pumas baseball team in Australia. He returned to the U.S. in 2015 and spent the summer as a minor league video intern for the Bowling Green Hot Rods. In between these short-term jobs, he also worked as a personal trainer or instructor at various training facilities.
Abney moved to the college coaching ranks in the fall of 2016 taking an assistant coaching position with his alma mater for the 2017 season. From there he took a similar job with the King University Tornadoes for the 2018 season. During the summer of 2018 he coached the Watertown Rapids in the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League. Abney next took a volunteer assistant coaching position at Austin Peay State University, but this only lasted from August until the end of 2018.
In 2019, the Minnesota Twins hired Abney as the hitting coach for the GCL Twins. This foray into the professional coaching ranks only lasted through the end of the minor league season. He returned to Covenant College as the Scots' hitting coach in the fall of 2019 where he remains as of 2021.
In the summer of 2020 Abney was the hitting coach for the Parkland Sharks of the Collegiate League of the Palm Beaches. He moved to a head coaching role in summer 2021 with the Staunton Braves of the Valley Baseball League.