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James Evans Whitney
- Bats Left, Throws Right
- Height 6' 2", Weight 172 lb.
- Debut May 2, 1881
- Final Game July 16, 1890
- Born November 10, 1857 in Conklin, NY USA
- Died May 21, 1891 in Binghamton, NY USA
"There were no restrictions placed on (pitchers) as to delivery, and they could double up like a jack-knife and deliver the ball. That was the way Jim Whitney used to do, and he would let the ball go at terrific speed. It was a wonder that anyone was able to hit him at all. He was the swiftest pitcher I ever saw." - Hall of Famer Jim O'Rourke, quoted in Sporting Life of December 4, 1915
Jim Whitney holds the record for most wins in a season with a sub-.500 winning percentage. In 1881, pitching for the Boston Red Caps in his first major league season, he won 31 games but lost 33 and his final winning percentage was only .484. He happened to lead the league in both wins and losses that year too.
In addition to pitching, he also played over 100 games at other positions and was a good hitter, sometimes finishing among league leaders in hitting categories. He also umpired three National League games between 1884 and 1888.
Whitney died young. According to this article , quoting Al Maul, Whitney was hit by a batted ball around 1888 (Bill Kuehne was said to be the batter), never was quite the same afterwards, and died a few years later.
See this article  for several games Whitney won over the 1883 Beaneaters in September 1883 to "snatch" the pennant away from them.
''Whitney is probably the franchise’s greatest control artist/strike-thrower, which is fairly significant considering that Greg Maddux pitched for this same franchise." - from a blog  considering various players from the Boston/Milwaukee/Atlanta franchise as Hall of Fame candidates
- NL Wins Leader (1881)
- NL Games Pitched Leader (1881)
- NL Saves Leader (1883)
- NL Innings Pitched Leader (1881)
- NL Strikeouts Leader (1883)
- NL Complete Games Leader (1881)
- 20 Wins Seasons: 5 (1881-1884 & 1887)
- 30 Wins Seasons: 2 (1881 & 1883)
- 200 Innings Pitched Seasons: 8 (1881-1888)
- 300 Innings Pitched Seasons: 8 (1881-1888)
- 400 Innings Pitched Seasons: 5 (1881-1883, 1885 & 1887)
- 500 Innings Pitched Seasons: 2 (1881 & 1883)
- 200 Strikeouts Seasons: 3 (1883-1885)
- 300 Strikeouts Seasons: 1 (1883)
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