The Chatham Anglers debuted in the Cape Cod Baseball League in 2009, when the Chatham A's were renamed. The Anglers play their home games at Veterans Field in Chatham, MA. Former manager John Schiffner, who retired at the end of 2017, is the winningest manager in CCBL history.
The Chatham Anglers, like other summer college baseball teams, are dedicated and designed to provide minor league-style competition for NCAA players that wish to continue on into professional baseball and routinely send players to the MLB Drafts. The Chatham Anglers operate in the model of an Independent Minor League team: recruiting athletes, playing nightly before fans in stadiums which seat thousands, using wood bats and minor league specification equipment, and experiencing road trips between games. Like all other summer collegiate players, the Chatham Anglers are unpaid in order to maintain their NCAA eligibility, and live with host families in the same manner as Single A and Independent League players.The team was known as the Chatham Athletics until the 2009 season when they changed their name to conform a new rule from Major League Baseball requiring them to buy uniforms from MLB licensed vendors if they kept a MLB related name.