A caught stealing occurs when a baserunner is thrown out attempting to steal a base. If a runner is successfully picked off base by the pitcher or catcher, he is charged with a time caught stealing only if he attempts to advance to the next base rather than diving back to the bag.
Caught stealing information is not available for much of baseball history, so records are incomplete. It was not an official statistic until 1914, and it was dropped again in 1917. The American League began tracking it again in 1920, but the National League didn't follow suit until 1951. Statistical researchers have reconstructed records for some earlier seasons.
It is usually abbreviated CS.
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