Ohio Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

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Alabama (587 tms)

Alaska (30 tms)

Arizona (853 tms)

Arkansas (327 tms)

California (1830 tms)

Colorado (244 tms)

Connecticut (480 tms)

Delaware (97 tms)

District of Columbia (136 tms)

Florida (2381 tms)

Georgia (904 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (253 tms)

Illinois (1236 tms)

Indiana (648 tms)

Iowa (862 tms)

Kansas (456 tms)

Kentucky (458 tms)

Louisiana (470 tms)

Maine (117 tms)

Maryland (527 tms)

Massachusetts (869 tms)

Michigan (686 tms)

Minnesota (491 tms)

Mississippi (276 tms)

Missouri (658 tms)

Montana (277 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (113 tms)

New Hampshire (128 tms)

New Jersey (423 tms)

New Mexico (183 tms)

New York (2368 tms)

North Carolina (1540 tms)

North Dakota (124 tms)

Ohio (1222 tms)

Oklahoma (490 tms)

Oregon (378 tms)

Pennsylvania (1767 tms)

Rhode Island (143 tms)

South Carolina (458 tms)

South Dakota (139 tms)

Tennessee (894 tms)

Texas (1718 tms)

Utah (202 tms)

Vermont (73 tms)

Virginia (1108 tms)

Washington (663 tms)

West Virginia (363 tms)

Wisconsin (691 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (190 tms)

British Columbia (135 tms)

Manitoba (101 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (374 tms)

Quebec (240 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


Aguascalientes (57 tms)

Baja California (99 tms)

Campeche (60 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (184 tms)

Distrito Federal (224 tms)

Durango (19 tms)

Guanajuato (67 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (50 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (103 tms)

Oaxaca (28 tms)

Puebla (71 tms)

Quintana Roo (28 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (285 tms)

Sonora (329 tms)

Tabasco (62 tms)

Tamaulipas (138 tms)

Veracruz (194 tms)

Yucatán (61 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

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Australia (132 tms)

China (10 tms)

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Dominican Republic (1206 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (166 tms)

Japan (1224 tms)

Netherlands (154 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (10 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (207 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (343 tms)

Taiwan (180 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (368 tms)


Ohio Table
City From To # Teams
Akron1887202360Akron RubberDucks, Akron Aeros, Canton-Akron Indians, Akron Yankees, Akron Grays, Akron Tyrites/Canton Terriers, Akron Tyrites, Akron Giants, Akron Rubbermen, Akron Champs, Akron Rubbernecks, Akron Buckeyes, Steubenville Stubs/Akron Akrons/Lima Farmers, Akron Summits, Akron Akrons, Akron Acorns
Alliance191219352Alliance, Alliance-Sebring Twins
Athens201520237Southern Ohio Copperheads
Avon2009202314Lake Erie Crushers
Barberton190519051Barberton Magic Cities
Bridgeport191219121Sharon/Bridgeport Giants
Bucyrus190519051Bucyrus Bucks
Canton1887200233Canton Coyotes, Canton Crocodiles, Canton Terriers, Canton Giants, Canton Senators, Canton Statesmen, Canton Watchmakers, Canton Chinamen, Canton Protectives, Canton Deubers, Canton Nadjys, Canton
Celina201520238Grand Lake Mariners
Chillicothe1884202332Chillicothe Paints, Charleston Senators/Chillicothe Babes, Chillicothe Babes, Chillicothe Infants, Chillicothe Logans
Cincinnati18762023170Cincinnati Steam, Cincinnati Redlegs, Cincinnati Clowns, Cincinnati-Cleveland Buckeyes, Cincinnati Buckeyes, Cincinnati Tigers, Cincinnati Giants, Cincinnati Cuban Stars, Cuban Stars West, Cincinnati Pippins, Cincinnati Kelly's Killers, Cincinnati Outlaw Reds, Cincinnati Red Stockings, Cincinnati Stars, Ludlow, Cincinnati Reds
Circleville202120211Ohio Marlins
Cleveland18712023172Cleveland Guardians, Cleveland Clippers, Cleveland Buckeyes, Cleveland Bears, Cleveland Red Sox, Cleveland Giants, Cleveland Stars, Cleveland Cubs, Cleveland Tigers, Cleveland Hornets, Cleveland Elites, Cleveland Browns, Cleveland Tate Stars, Cleveland Indians, Cleveland Bearcats, Cleveland Green Sox, Cleveland Forest City, Cleveland Naps, Cleveland Bronchos, Cleveland Lake Shores, Cleveland Infants, Cleveland Spiders, Cleveland Forest Cities, Cleveland Blues, Cleveland Forest Citys
Columbus18772023135Columbus Clippers, Columbus Jets, Columbus Elite Giants, Columbus Blue Birds, Columbus Turf Club, Columbus Red Birds, Columbus Keystones, Columbus Cubs, Columbus Buckeyes/Senators, Columbus Statesmen, Columbus Reds, Columbus Solons, Columbus Senators, Columbus Buckeyes
Dayton1884202370Dayton Dragons, Dayton Indians, Dayton Wings, Dayton Ducks, Dayton Aviators, Dayton Marcos, Dayton Veterans, Dayton Old Soldiers, Dayton Reds, Dayton, Dayton Gem Citys
Denison189518952Twin Cities Hustlers, Twin Cities Twins
East Liberty188418841East Liberty Liberty Stars
East Liverpool189319128East Liverpool Potters/Pittsburgh/New Martinsville, East Liverpool Potters, East Liverpool, East Liverpool East End All Stars
Eastlake2003202320Lake County Captains
Findlay189519417Findlay Oilers, Findlay Browns, Findlay Finns, Findlay Sluggers
Fostoria193619416Fostoria Red Birds, Fostoria Cardinals
Fremont193619416Fremont Green Sox, Fremont Reds/Green Sox, Fremont Reds
Galion201520216Galion Graders
Gallipolis191019112Point Pleasant-Gallipolis/Middleport-Pomeroy, Point Pleasant-Gallipolis
Girard190819081Girard/Butler/Erie Sailors
Hamilton1884202312Hamilton Joes, Hamilton Maroons, Hamilton Mechanics, Hamilton
Ironton188419157Marion Orphans/Ironton Diggers, Ironton Forgers, Ironton Nailers, Ironton
Kent190519051Kent Kings
Kenton189518951Kenton Babes
Lancaster190519949Lancaster Scouts, Lancaster Lanks
Lima1888202330Lima Locos, Lima Phillies, Lima Chiefs, Lima Terriers, Lima Reds, Lima Red Birds, Lima Pandas, Lima Buckeyes, Lima Boosters, Lima Cigarmakers, Lima, Lima Lees, Lima/Mansfield Kids, Lima Lushers
Lorain201420174Lorain County Ironmen
Mansfield1887194121Mansfield Braves, Mansfield Red Sox, Mansfield Tigers, Mansfield Brownies, Mansfield Reformers, Mansfield Pioneers, Mansfield Giants, Mansfield Haymakers, Mansfield Electricians, Mansfield
Marion1900195119Marion Red Sox, Marion Cubs, Marion Cardinals, Sandusky Sailors/Marion Presidents, Marion Senators, Marion Diggers, Marion Moguls, Zanesville/Marion Moguls, Marion, Marion Oilworkers, Youngstown Little Giants/Marion Glass Blowers
Massillon189819052Massillon Farmers, Massillon
Middleport191219121Middleport-Pomeroy/Montgomery Miners
Middletown187219464Middletown Rockets, Middletown Red Sox, Middletown Mansfields
Mount Vernon190519051Mount Vernon Clippers
New Philadelphia193619361New Philadelphia Red Birds
Newark1905202327Ohio Bison/Licking County Settlers, Licking County Settlers, Newark Bison, Newark Buffalos, Newark Yankees, Newark Moundsmen, Newark Newsocks, Newark Skeeters, Newark Newks/Piqua Picks, Newark Newks, Newark Cotton Tops, Newark Idlewilds
Niles1905202325Mahoning Valley Scrappers, Niles Crowites
Portsmouth1884199522Portsmouth Explorers, Portsmouth A's, Portsmouth Red Birds, Portsmouth Pirates, Portsmouth Truckers, Portsmouth Cobblers, Springfield Reapers/Portsmouth Cobblers, Portsmouth Riversides
Salem189819122Salem Quakers/Fairmont Fairies, Salem
Sandusky188720237Sandusky Ice Haulers, Sandusky Sailors, Sandusky Sandies, Sandusky Fish Eaters, Sandusky Suds/Sands/Maroons
Springfield1877202344Champion City Kings, Springfield Giants, Springfield Cardinals, Springfield Indians, Springfield Red Birds, Springfield Pirates, Springfield Chicks, Springfield Blue Sox, Springfield Dunnmen, Springfield Buckeyes, Springfield Reapers, Springfield Babes, Springfield Governors, Springfield, Springfield Champion City
Steubenville188719138Steubenville-Follansbee Stubs, Steubenville Factory Men, Steubenville Stubs
Strongsville201520151Northern Ohio Baseball Club
Tiffin193619416Tiffin Mud Hens
Toledo18832023129Toledo Sox, Toledo Mud Hens/Charleston Senators, Toledo Cubs, Toledo Crawfords, Toledo Tigers, Toledo Iron Men, Toledo Swamp Angels, Toledo Mud Hens, Toledo White Stockings, Toledo Black Pirates, Toledo Maumees, Toledo Avengers, Toledo Blue Stockings
Van Wert190719082Van Wert Buckeyes, Van Wert
Wooster190519051Wooster Trailers
Xenia201520238Xenia Scouts
Youngstown1883195128Youngstown/Oil City A's, Youngstown A's, Youngstown Colts, Youngstown Gremlins, Youngstown Browns, Youngstown Buckeyes, Youngstown Steelmen, Youngstown Indians, Youngstown Champs, Youngstown Ohio Works, Youngstown Little Giants, Youngstown Puddlers, Youngstown Giants, Youngstown
Zanesville1887199630Zanesville Indians, Zanesville Dodgers, Zanesville Cubs, Zanesville Greys, Zanesville Flood Sufferers, Zanesville Potters, Zanesville Infants, Zanesville Moguls, Zanesville Clay Diggers, Zanesville, Zanesville Kickapoos

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data