Missouri Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (586 tms)

Alaska (25 tms)

Arizona (836 tms)

Arkansas (327 tms)

California (1830 tms)

Colorado (244 tms)

Connecticut (477 tms)

Delaware (97 tms)

District of Columbia (135 tms)

Florida (2350 tms)

Georgia (890 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (253 tms)

Illinois (1229 tms)

Indiana (645 tms)

Iowa (860 tms)

Kansas (431 tms)

Kentucky (458 tms)

Louisiana (468 tms)

Maine (116 tms)

Maryland (522 tms)

Massachusetts (855 tms)

Michigan (682 tms)

Minnesota (491 tms)

Mississippi (276 tms)

Missouri (656 tms)

Montana (277 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (113 tms)

New Hampshire (127 tms)

New Jersey (414 tms)

New Mexico (183 tms)

New York (2351 tms)

North Carolina (1518 tms)

North Dakota (124 tms)

Ohio (1212 tms)

Oklahoma (490 tms)

Oregon (374 tms)

Pennsylvania (1764 tms)

Rhode Island (141 tms)

South Carolina (458 tms)

South Dakota (139 tms)

Tennessee (889 tms)

Texas (1715 tms)

Utah (202 tms)

Vermont (71 tms)

Virginia (1091 tms)

Washington (656 tms)

West Virginia (361 tms)

Wisconsin (691 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (189 tms)

British Columbia (131 tms)

Manitoba (101 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (374 tms)

Quebec (233 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


(11 tms)

Aguascalientes (57 tms)

Baja California (99 tms)

Campeche (60 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Ciudad Mendoza (1 tms)

Coahuila (185 tms)

Distrito Federal (224 tms)

Durango (19 tms)

Guanajuato (67 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (50 tms)

Mexico (2 tms)

Nuevo Leon (103 tms)

Oaxaca (28 tms)

Puebla (71 tms)

Quintana Roo (27 tms)

San Luis Potosi (38 tms)

Sinaloa (286 tms)

Sonora (317 tms)

Tabasco (61 tms)

Tamaulipas (139 tms)

Veracruz (195 tms)

Yucatan (62 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(438 tms)

Australia (132 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (28 tms)

Cuba (903 tms)

Dominican Republic (1156 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (166 tms)

Japan (1224 tms)

Netherlands (145 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (10 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (207 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (343 tms)

Taiwan (181 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (368 tms)


Missouri Table
City From To # Teams
Brookfield191119112Brookfield Hustlers, Sedalia/Brookfield Cubs
Cape Girardeau201920223Cape Catfish
Carthage1891195111Carthage Cubs, Carthage Cardinals, St. Joseph Ponies/Carthage Browns, Carthage Pirates, Carthage
Caruthersville191019395Caruthersville Pilots, West Plains Badgers/Caruthersville Pilots, Caruthersville
Cassville193519362Cassville Blues, Cassville Tigers
Columbia200320053Mid-Missouri Mavericks
Hannibal1908201918Hannibal Hoots, Hannibal Cavemen, Hannibal Citizens, Hannibal Cardinals, Hannibal Stags, Hannibal Pilots, Hannibal Mules, Hannibal Cannibals
Jefferson City190219112Jefferson City Senators, Jefferson City Convicts
Joplin1887201648Joplin Blasters, Joplin Cardinals, St. Joseph Saints/Joplin Miners, Ardmore Boomers/Joplin Ozarks, Joplin-Webb City Miners/Guthrie Senators/Henryetta, Joplin Miners/El Reno Packers, Joplin Miners, Joplin
Kansas City18842023178Kansas City T-Bones, Kansas City Royals, Kansas City Athletics, Kansas City Monarchs, Kansas City Packers, Kansas City Blue Stockings, Kansas City Blues, Kansas City Cowboys
Kirksville191119111Kirksville Osteopaths
Macon191119111Macon Athletics
Maryville191019112Maryville Comets/Humboldt Infants, Maryville Comets
Monett193619394Monett Red Birds
Neosho193719404Neosho Yankees, Neosho Night Hawks
Nevada190219032Nevada Lunatics/Webb City Goldbugs, Nevada Lunatics
O'Fallon1999202223O'Fallon Hoots, River City Rascals
Ozark199919991Ozark Mountain Ducks
Portageville193519351Portageville Pirates
Sedalia190219054Sedalia Goldbugs
Springfield1887202357Springfield/Ozark Ducks, Springfield/Ozark Mountain Ducks, Springfield Cubs, Springfield Cardinals, Springfield Red Wings, Springfield Merchants, Springfield Jobbers, Springfield Highlanders, Springfield Midgets, Springfield Reds, Springfield Indians
St. Joe200620072St. Joe Blacksnakes
St. Joseph1886195449St. Joseph Cardinals, St. Joseph Angels, St. Joseph Drummers, Omaha Omahogs/St. Joseph Saints, Rock Island, St. Joseph Saints, St. Joseph Clay Eaters, St. Joseph Reds
St. Louis18752023225St. Louis/Harrisburg Stars, St. Louis Stars, St. Louis Giants, St. Louis Terriers, St. Louis Cardinals, St. Louis Perfectos, St. Louis Whites, St. Louis Maroons, St. Louis Browns, St. Louis Brown Stockings, St. Louis Red Stockings
Webb City188719098Webb City Webfeet/Sapulpa Oilers, Webb City Webfeet, Webb City Goldbugs, Webb City Stars, Webb City

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data