Texas Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (590 tms)

Alaska (58 tms)

Arizona (875 tms)

Arkansas (329 tms)

California (1892 tms)

Colorado (248 tms)

Connecticut (490 tms)

Delaware (98 tms)

District of Columbia (140 tms)

Florida (2434 tms)

Georgia (909 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (255 tms)

Illinois (1255 tms)

Indiana (659 tms)

Iowa (869 tms)

Kansas (460 tms)

Kentucky (464 tms)

Louisiana (475 tms)

Maine (121 tms)

Maryland (553 tms)

Massachusetts (906 tms)

Michigan (706 tms)

Minnesota (498 tms)

Mississippi (278 tms)

Missouri (664 tms)

Montana (281 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (115 tms)

New Hampshire (137 tms)

New Jersey (433 tms)

New Mexico (184 tms)

New York (2405 tms)

North Carolina (1568 tms)

North Dakota (128 tms)

Ohio (1255 tms)

Oklahoma (492 tms)

Oregon (392 tms)

Pennsylvania (1785 tms)

Rhode Island (145 tms)

South Carolina (464 tms)

South Dakota (140 tms)

Tennessee (904 tms)

Texas (1742 tms)

Utah (204 tms)

Vermont (76 tms)

Virginia (1171 tms)

Washington (686 tms)

West Virginia (371 tms)

Wisconsin (705 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (198 tms)

British Columbia (144 tms)

Manitoba (102 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (377 tms)

Quebec (242 tms)

Saskatchewan (94 tms)


Aguascalientes (58 tms)

Baja California (101 tms)

Campeche (61 tms)

Chihuahua (48 tms)

Coahuila (187 tms)

Distrito Federal (225 tms)

Durango (20 tms)

Guanajuato (68 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (52 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (105 tms)

Oaxaca (29 tms)

Puebla (72 tms)

Queretaro (1 tms)

Quintana Roo (29 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (289 tms)

Sonora (332 tms)

Tabasco (63 tms)

Tamaulipas (139 tms)

Veracruz (195 tms)

Yucatán (62 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(441 tms)

Australia (138 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (32 tms)

Cuba (919 tms)

Dominican Republic (1263 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (89 tms)

Japan (1250 tms)

Netherlands (154 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (15 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (212 tms)

San Marino (13 tms)

South Korea (353 tms)

Taiwan (186 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (376 tms)


Texas Table
City From To # Teams
Abilene1920201224Abilene Prairie Dogs, Abilene Blue Sox, Abilene Apaches/Borger Gassers, Abilene Aces, Abilene Eagles
Alpine1959202215Big Bend Cowboys, Alpine Cowboys
Amarillo1922202472Amarillo Sod Squad, Amarillo Sod Dogs, Amarillo Sod Poodles, Amarillo Thunderheads, Amarillo Sox, Amarillo Dillas, Amarillo Giants, Amarillo Sonics, Amarillo Gold Sox, Amarillo Texans, Amarillo Gassers
Arlington1972202453Texas Rangers
Austin1888202243Austin Weirdos, Austin Braves, Austin Pioneers, Austin Rangers, Austin Reps/Taylor Producers/Brenham Kaisers, Austin Beavers, Austin Senators, Austin Senators/San Antonio
Ballinger192119579Ballinger Westerners, Lamesa Lobos/Winters-Ballinger Eagles, Ballinger Cats, Ballinger Bearcats, Mineral Wells Resorters/Ballinger Bearcats
Bay City191019112Bay City Rice Eaters
Beaumont1903199452Beaumont Bullfrogs, Beaumont Golden Gators, Beaumont Pirates, Beaumont Roughnecks, Beaumont Exporters, Beaumont Cubs, Beaumont Oilers, Beaumont Millionaires/Brenham Orphans, Beaumont Millionaires, Beaumont Oil Gushers
Beeville191019775Beeville Blazers, Beeville Bees, Beeville Bees/Laredo Oilers, Beeville Orange Growers
Belton191419152Belton Braves
Big Spring1928195516Big Spring Cosden Cops, Big Spring Broncs, Wichita Falls Spudders/Big Spring Pirates, Big Spring Bombers, Big Spring Barons/Odessa Oilers, Big Spring Barons, Big Spring Cowboys, Hamlin Pied Pipers/Big Spring Springers
Bonham189819227Bonham Bingers, Bonham Favorites, Bonham Sliders, Bonham Blues, Bonham Tigers, Bonham Boosters, Bonham
Borger1940195412Borger Gassers
Brenham191419152Brenham Huskies, Brenham Brewers
Brownsville191019539Brownsville Charros, Brownsville, Brownsville Brownies
Bryan1947202417Brazos Valley Bombers, Bryan/Del Rio Indians, Greenville/Bryan Majors, Bryan Sports, Bryan Bombers
Cisco192019212Cisco Scouts
Cleburne1906202412Cleburne Generals/Scouts, Cleburne Generals, Cleburne Railroaders
Coleman192819292Coleman Bobcats
Corpus Christi1910202447Corpus Christi Beach Dawgs, Corpus Christi Hooks, Coastal Bend Aviators, Corpus Christi Barracudas, Corpus Christi Seagulls, Corpus Christi Giants, Corpus Christi Clippers, Corpus Christi Aces, Corpus Christi Spudders, Corpus Christi Seahawks/LaFeria Nighthawks, Corpus Christi Seahawks, Corpus Christi Pelicans
Corsicana1902192815Corsicana Gumbo Busters, Temple Governors/Corsicana Athletics, Corsicana Athletics, Corsicana Oilers/Desperados, Corsicana Oilers, Corsicana Oil Citys
Dallas1888197177Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs, Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers, Dallas Rangers, Dallas Eagles, Dallas Rebels, Dallas Submarines, Dallas Marines, Dallas Giants, Dallas Griffins, Dallas Colts, Dallas Navigators, Dallas Steers, Dallas Tigers, Dallas Hams
Del Rio194819503Del Rio Cowboys
Denison1896195315Sherman-Denison Twins, Denison Railroaders, Denison Champions, Denison Blue Sox, Denison Katydids, Sherman-Denison Students/Texarkana Casketmakers, Denison-Sherman Twins/Waco Tigers, Denison Tigers
Donna194919502Donna-Weslaco Twins, Donna/Robstown Cardinals
Eastland192019201Eastland Judges
Edinburg1926201315Edinburg Coyotes, Edinburg Roadrunners, Edinburg Road Runners, Edinburg Bobcats, Victoria Rosebuds/Edinburg Bobcats
El Paso1915202483El Paso Chihuahuas, El Paso Diablos, El Paso Dodgers, El Paso Sun Kings, El Paso Texans, El Paso Mackmen
Ennis191419174Ennis Tigers
Fort Worth1888201478Fort Worth Cats, Fort Worth Panthers
Frisco2003202422Frisco RoughRiders
Gainesville191119548Gainesville Owls, Gainesville Blue Ribbons
Galveston1888195544Galveston White Caps, Galveston Buccaneers, Galveston Pirates, Galveston Pirates/Sand Crabs, Galveston Sandcrabs, Galveston Sand Crabs, Galveston Giants
Georgetown191419141Georgetown Collegians
Gladewater193619504Gladewater Bears
Gorman192019201Gorman Buddies/Sweetwater Swatters
Graham192119211Graham Hijackers/Mineral Wells Resorters
Grand Prairie2008201912Texas AirHogs, Grand Prairie AirHogs
Greenville1905195715Greenville Majors, Greenville Staplers, Greenville Togs, Greenville Highlanders, Greenville Hunters, Greenville Midlands
Harlingen1931201431Harlingen WhiteWings, Harlingen Suns, Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings, Rio Grande Valley/Victoria Giants, Rio Grande Valley Giants, Harlingen Capitals, Harlingen Hubs, Harlingen Ladds
Henderson1931195014Henderson Oilers
Houston18882024133Houston Apollos, Houston Astros, Houston Colt .45s, Houston Buffs, Houston Eagles, Houston Black Buffaloes, Houston Wanderers, Houston Buffaloes, Houston Magnolias/Mudcats, Houston Mudcats, Houston Mud Cats, Houston Babies/Red Stockings, Houston Babies
Hugo191319131Wichita Falls Drillers/Hugo Hugoites
Jacksonville1916195011Jacksonville Jax, Jacksonville Tomato Pickers
Kaufman191519151Kaufman Kings
Keller200720071Tarrant County Blue Thunder
Kilgore1931195010Kilgore Drillers, Kilgore Boomers, Kilgore Rangers, Kilgore Braves, Kilgore Gushers
Kingsville192619261Kingsville Jerseys/Mission Grapefruiters
Lamesa1939195712Midland/Lamesa Indians, Lamesa Dodgers, Lamesa Lobos
Lampasas191419141Lampasas Resorters
Laredo1910201619Laredo Lemurs, Laredo Broncos, Laredo Apaches, Laredo Oilers, Laredo Bermudas
Lewisville200720071Lewisville Lizards
Longview1912195322Waco/Longview Pirates, Longview Cherokees, Longview Texans, Longview Cannibals/White Sox, Wichita Falls Spudders/Longview Cannibals, Longview Cannibals
Lubbock1922199823Lubbock Crickets, Lubbock Hubbers/Texas City Texans, Lubbock Hubbers
Lufkin191619485Lufkin Foresters, Paris Pirates/Lufkin Lumbermen, Lufkin Lumbermen
Marlin191619255Marlin Bathers/Palestine Pals, Marlin Bathers, Marlin Marlins
Marshall1912195015Marshall Browns, Marshall Comets, Marshall Tigers, Marshall Orphans/Tigers, Marshall Snappers/Indians, Marshall Indians, Marshall Athletics
McAllen192820139McAllen Thunder, McAllen Dusters, McAllen Giants, McAllen Packers, McAllen Palms, McAllen
McKinney191220082McKinney Blue Thunder, McKinney
Mexia1915192810Mexia Gushers, Mexia Gassers
Midland1928202470Midland RockHounds, Midland Angels, Midland Cubs, Midland Braves, Midland Indians, Midland Cowboys, Midland Cardinals, Midland Colts
Mineral Wells192019201Mineral Wells Resorters
Mission192719282Mission Grapefruits
Monahans193719371Monahans Trojans
Mount Pleasant192319253Mount Pleasant Cats
Nacogdoches191619161Nacogdoches Cogs
Odessa1937196012Odessa Dodgers, Odessa Eagles, Odessa Oilers
Orange190719082Orange Hoo-Hoos
Palestine1916194012Palestine Pals, Palestine Athletics
Pampa1939195716Pampa Oilers/San Angelo Colts, Pampa Oilers
Paris1896195729Paris Orioles, Paris Indians, Paris Panthers, Paris Rockets, Paris Red Peppers, Paris Colts/Rustlers, Paris Bearcats, Paris North Stars, Paris Grays, Paris Survivors, Paris Red Snappers, Paris Snappers, Paris Boosters, Paris Athletics, Paris Parasites/Waco Steers, Paris Eisenfelder's Homeseekers, Paris, Paris Midlands, Sherman Students/Paris Midlands
Plainview195319597Plainview A's, Plainview Ponies
Plano201320186Texas Marshals
Port Arthur1940195711Port Arthur/Temple Redlegs, Port Arthur Sea Hawks, Port Arthur Seahawks, Port Arthur Tarpons
Ranger192019223Ranger Nitros
Refugio193819381Refugio Oilers
Robstown195020103Coastal Bend Thunder, Robstown Rebels
Round Rock2000202425Round Rock Hairy Men, Round Rock Express
Rusk191619161Rusk Governors
San Angelo1921201429San Angelo Pirates, San Angelo Sheep Herders, San Angelo Red Snappers, San Angelo Colts, San Angelo Bronchos
San Antonio18882024126San Antonio Flying Chanclas, San Antonio Tejanos, San Antonio Dodgers, San Antonio Brewers, San Antonio Bullets, San Antonio Missions, San Antonio Indians, San Antonio Bears, San Antonio Bronchos, San Antonio Missionaries/Cowboys, San Antonio Missionaries
San Benito193119311San Benito Saints
Schulenburg191519151Schulenburg Giants
Seguin197620244Seguin River Monsters, Seguin Toros
Sherman1895195214Sherman Snappers, Sherman Twins, Sherman Red Sox, Sherman Browns, Sherman Hitters, Sherman Lions, Sherman Cubs, Sherman, Sherman Orphans
Stamford192219221Stamford Colonels
Sugar Land2012202416Sugar Land Space Cowboys, Team Texas, Eastern Reyes del Tigre, Sugar Land Lightning Sloths, Sugar Land Skeeters
Sulphur Springs192319253Sulphur Springs Spartans, Sulphur Springs Saints, Sulphur Springs Lions
Sweetwater192119549Wichita Falls/Sweetwater Spudders, Sweetwater Braves, Sweetwater Sports, Sweetwater Swatters
Taft193819381Taft Cardinals
Temple1905195415Temple Eagles, Temple Surgeons, Temple Governors, Temple Tigers, Temple Boll Weevils
Terrell190719265Terrell Terrors, Terrell Cubs, Terrell Red Stockings
Texarkana1897202032Texarkana Gunslingers, Texarkana Bears, Texarkana Liners, Texarkana Tigers, Texarkana Twins, Texarkana Shine-Oners, Texarkana, Texarkana Nobles
Texas City195120098Bay Area Toros, Texas City Stars, Texas City Texans
The Woodlands201320164Woodlands Strykers
Travelling team200720071Texas Heat
Tyler1912201534East Texas Pump Jacks, Tyler Roughnecks, Tyler Wildcatters, Tyler Tigers, Tyler East Texans, Tyler Governors, Tyler Trojans, Tyler Elbertas
Vernon194719526Vernon Dusters
Victoria1910202421Victoria Generals, Victoria Cowboys, Victoria Toros, Victoria Eagles, Victoria Rosebuds
Waco1889195636Waco Pirates, Waco Dons, Waco Cubs, Waco Indians, Waco Navigators, Waco Tigers, Waco Babies, Waco Babies/Texans
Waxahachie191419163Waxahachie Athletics, Waxahachie Buffaloes
Weimar202220221Weimar Hormigas
Wichita Falls1911195724Wichita Falls Spudders, Wichita Falls Drillers, Wichita Falls Irish Lads
Wink193719382Wink Spudders

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data