Pennsylvania Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (590 tms)

Alaska (58 tms)

Arizona (875 tms)

Arkansas (329 tms)

California (1938 tms)

Colorado (248 tms)

Connecticut (490 tms)

Delaware (98 tms)

District of Columbia (140 tms)

Florida (2434 tms)

Georgia (909 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (255 tms)

Illinois (1255 tms)

Indiana (659 tms)

Iowa (869 tms)

Kansas (460 tms)

Kentucky (464 tms)

Louisiana (475 tms)

Maine (121 tms)

Maryland (553 tms)

Massachusetts (896 tms)

Michigan (706 tms)

Minnesota (498 tms)

Mississippi (278 tms)

Missouri (664 tms)

Montana (281 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (115 tms)

New Hampshire (137 tms)

New Jersey (433 tms)

New Mexico (184 tms)

New York (2405 tms)

North Carolina (1568 tms)

North Dakota (128 tms)

Ohio (1255 tms)

Oklahoma (492 tms)

Oregon (392 tms)

Pennsylvania (1785 tms)

Rhode Island (145 tms)

South Carolina (464 tms)

South Dakota (140 tms)

Tennessee (904 tms)

Texas (1742 tms)

Utah (204 tms)

Vermont (76 tms)

Virginia (1171 tms)

Washington (686 tms)

West Virginia (371 tms)

Wisconsin (705 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (198 tms)

British Columbia (144 tms)

Manitoba (102 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (377 tms)

Quebec (242 tms)

Saskatchewan (94 tms)


Aguascalientes (58 tms)

Baja California (101 tms)

Campeche (61 tms)

Chihuahua (48 tms)

Coahuila (187 tms)

Distrito Federal (225 tms)

Durango (20 tms)

Guanajuato (68 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (52 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (105 tms)

Oaxaca (29 tms)

Puebla (72 tms)

Queretaro (1 tms)

Quintana Roo (29 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (289 tms)

Sonora (332 tms)

Tabasco (63 tms)

Tamaulipas (139 tms)

Veracruz (195 tms)

Yucatán (62 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(441 tms)

Australia (138 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (32 tms)

Cuba (919 tms)

Dominican Republic (1263 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (89 tms)

Japan (1250 tms)

Netherlands (154 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (15 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (212 tms)

San Marino (13 tms)

South Korea (353 tms)

Taiwan (186 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (376 tms)


Pennsylvania Table
City From To # Teams
190719071Pen Argyl
Allentown1884202471Allentown Railers, Lehigh Valley IronPigs, Allentown Ambassadors, Allentown Red Sox, Allentown Cardinals, Allentown Wings, Allentown Brooks, Reading/Allentown Brooks, Allentown Buffaloes, Allentown, Allentown Goobers, Allentown Kelly's Killers/Easton/Ashland, Allentown Colts, Allentown-Bethlehem Colts, Lancaster/Allentown, Allentown Peanuts, Allentown Peanut Eaters, Allentown Dukes
Altoona1883202445Altoona Curve, Altoona Rail Kings, Jeannette Jays/Altoona Engineers/Beaver Falls Beav, Altoona Rams/Reading Pretzels, Altoona Rams, Altoona Mad Turtles, Altoona Mud Turtles, Altoona Mountaineers, Altoona Mountain Cities, Altoona Mountain City, Altoona
Bangor190719503Bangor Bangors, Bangor/Berwick Pickers, Bangor
Beaver Falls190719416Beaver Falls Browns, Beaver Falls Bees, Beaver Falls Beavers
Berwick195019501Berwick Slaters
Bloomsburg189718971Bloomsburg Blue Jays
Braddock189419074Braddock Infants, Braddock
Bradford1887195629Bradford Yankees, Bradford Phillies, Bradford Blue Wings, Bradford Bees, Bradford Drillers, Bradford Pirates, Bradford
Butler1905201823Butler Blue Sox, Butler Tigers, Butler Yankees, Butler Indians, Butler White Sox, Butler/Piedmont/Charleroi, Butler Bucks
Carbondale189519507Carbondale Pioneers, Carbondale Anthracites
Carlisle189619042Carlisle, Carlisle Colts
Chambersburg1884193016Chambersburg Young Yanks, Chambersburg Maroons, Chambersburg Maroons, Chambersburg
Charleroi1907193612Charleroi Tigers, Charleroi Governors, Charleroi Babes, Charleroi/Parkersburg Parkers, Charleroi Cherios, Charleroi
Chester188419127Johnstown/Chester Johnnies, Chester/Tamaqua, Chester Blue Stockings, Chester
Coatesville190419083Coatesville/Shamokin, Coatesville
Connellsville190719145Connellsville, Connellsville Cokers
Coudersport190419052Coudersport Giants, Coudersport
Darby192819281Hilldale Club
Dubois County190619072DuBois Miners
Easton1888190910Easton Dutchmen, Easton
Erie1877202489Erie SeaWolves, Erie Sea Wolves, Erie Orioles, Erie Cardinals, Erie Tigers, Erie Senators, Erie Yankees, Erie Sailors, Erie Fishermen, Erie Blackbirds, Erie
Franklin188419084Franklin Millionaires, Franklin Braves, Franklin
Gettysburg191519173Gettysburg Ponies, Gettysburg Patriots
Greensburg190719397Greensburg Senators, Greensburg Green Sox, Greensburg Red Wings, Greensburg Trojans, Greensburg Red Sox
Hanover1896192914Hanover Raiders, Hanover Hornets, Hanover Tigers
Harrisburg1883202491Harrisburg Stars, Harrisburg Giants, Harrisburg Islanders, Philadelphia Athletics/Harrisburg Ponies, Harrisburg Senators, Harrisburg Ponies/Scranton Indians, Harrisburg Ponies, Harrisburg Olympics, Harrisburg
Hazleton1887195020Hazleton Dodgers, Hazleton Mountaineers/Lancaster Red Roses, Hazleton Red Sox, Hazleton Mountaineers, Hazleton Quay-kers, Hazleton Barons, Hazleton Pugilists, Hazleton Pugilisits, Hazleton
Homestead189419052Homestead Steel Workers, Homestead
Jeannette192619378Jeannette Bisons, Jeannette Little Pirates, Jeannette Reds, Jeannette Jays
Johnsonburg191619161Johnsonburg Johnnies
Johnstown1883202453Johnstown Mill Rats, Johnstown Steal, Johnstown Red Sox, Wilkes-Barre Barons/Johnstown Johnnies, Johnstown Johnnies, Johnstown/Palmyra Mormans, Johnstown Buckskins, Johnstown Terrors, Johnstown Pirates, Johnstown
Kane190519073Kane Mountaineers
Lancaster1884202460Lancaster Stormers, Lancaster Barnstormers, Lancaster Red Sox, York White Roses/Lancaster Red Roses, Lancaster Red Roses, Lancaster Maroons, Lancaster Chicks, Lancaster Red Stockings, Lancaster, Lancaster Ironsides
Lansdale194819481Lansdale Dukes
Lebanon188919509Lebanon Chix, Lebanon Pretzel Eaters, Lebanon Cedars, Lebanon
Lehigh Valley199920002Lehigh Valley Black Diamonds
Lewiston188618861Lewiston Independents
Littlestown188418852Littlestown Brown Stockings, Littlestown
Lockhaven189718982Lock Haven Normals/Maroons, Lockhaven Maroons/Shamokin Reds
Mahanoy City188719507Mahanoy City Brewers, Mahanoy City Bluebirds, Mahanoy City
Mansfield201920223Mansfield Destroyers
McKeesport1890194015McKeesport Little Braves/Oil City Oilers, McKeesport Little Pirates, McKeesport Braves, McKeesport Tubers, McKeesport Colts, McKeesport
Milton189618983Milton Poets, Milton
Monessen193419374Monessen Cardinals, Monessen Reds, Monessen Indians
Mount Carmel188719097Wilkes-Barre/Mount Carmel, Shamokin, Mount Carmel
Nazareth190719506Nazareth Barons, Nazareth Cement Dusters, Nazareth
New Brighton188418841New Brighton
New Castle1883195119New Castle Indians, New Castle Nats, New Castle Chiefs, New Castle Nocks/Sharon Travelers, New Castle Nocks/Alliance, New Castle Nocks, New Castle Outlaws, New Castle Quakers, New Castle Salamanders, New Castle, New Castle Neshannocks, New Castle Neshannock
Norristown188919322Norristown/St. Clair Saints, Norristown
Oil City1884195011Oil City Refiners, Oil City Cubs, Oil City Oilers, Oil City
Philadelphia18712024276Philadelphia Daisies, Philadelphia Bacharach Giants, Philadelphia Stars, Philadelphia Colored Giants of NY, Philadelphia Tigers, Philadelphia Quaker City Giants, Hilldale Club, Pelham Silk Sox, Philadelphia Giants of NY, Madison Stars, Philadelphia Hilldale Giants, Philadelphia Colts, Philadelphia Giants, Philadelphia Pythians, Philadelphia Keystones, Philadelphia Quakers, Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Defiance, Philadelphia Athletic, Philadelphia Centennials, Philadelphia Whites, Philadelphia Athletics
Pittsburgh18772024208Pittsburgh Crawfords, Pittsburgh Giants, Pittsburgh Stars of Buffalo, Homestead Grays, Pittsburgh Rebels, Pittsburgh Filipinos, Wilkes-Barre Coal Barons/Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Pirates, Pittsburgh Burghers, Pittsburgh Keystones, Pittsburgh Turneys, Pittsburgh Fultons, Pittsburgh Liberty Stars, Pittsburgh Enterprise, Pittsburgh Alleghenys, New Bedford, Pittsburgh Allegheny
Pottstown190419322Pottstown Legionaires, Pottstown
Pottsville188319099Pottsville Greys, Pottsville, Pottsville Colts, Pottsville Antharcites
Punxsutawney190619072Punxsutawney Policemen
Quakertown201720225Quakertown Blazers
Reading18832024113Reading Fightin Phils, Reading Phillies, Reading Indians, Reading Brooks, Reading Chicks, Reading Red Sox, Reading Keystones, Reading Aces, Reading Marines, Reading Coal Barons, Reading Pretzels, York White Rozes/Reading Pretzels, Reading Coal Heavers, Shamokin/Reading Actives, Reading, Reading Actives
Scottdale190719319Scottdale Cardinals, Scottdale Scotties, Scottdale Millers/Grafton Wanderers, Scottdale Giants
Scranton1886202490Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons, Scranton, Scranton Red Sox, Scranton Coal Heavers, Scranton Indians/Shenandoah Huns, Scranton Miners, Scranton Indians
Shamokin188719278Shamokin Indians, Shamokin Shammies, Shamokin, Shamokin Coal Heavers, Shamokin Maroons
Sharon190519084Sharon Giants, Sharon Steels
Shenandoah188818953Shenandoah Huns, Shenandoah Hungarian Rioters
Slatington193219321Tamaqua/Slatington Dukes
Slippery Rock200720132Slippery Rock Sliders
St. Marys191619161St. Marys Saints
State College2006202418State College Spikes
Stroudsburg190719507Stroudsburg Poconos, Stroudsburg
Sunbury1887195514Sunbury Redlegs, Sunbury Giants, Sunbury A's, Sunbury Reds, Sunbury Yankees, Sunbury Indians, Sunbury Senators, Sunbury Pirates, Sunbury
travelling team200220075Atlantic League Road Warriors, Pennsylvania Road Warriors
Uniontown190619499Uniontown Cokers, Uniontown, Uniontown Coal Barons
Vandergrift194719504Vandergrift Pioneers
Warren189519418Warren Buckeyes, Warren Redskins, Warren Warriors, Warren Bingoes, Warren Blues, Warren
Washington1905202435Road Warrior Black Sox, Baseball Brilliance, Steel City Slammin' Sammies, Washington WildThings, Washington Red Birds, Washington Generals, Washington, Washington Patriots
Waynesboro1920193011Waynesboro Villagers, Waynesboro Red Birds
Wilkes-Barre1886195458Wilkes-Barre Indians, Wilkes-Barre Barons, Wilkes-Barre Coal Barons, Wilkes-Barre
Williamsport1886202496Williamsport Crosscutters, Williamsport Cubs, Williamsport Bills, Williamsport Tomahawks, Williamsport Red Sox, Williamsport Astros, Williamsport Mets, Williamsport A's, Williamsport Tigers, Williamsport Grays, Williamsport Billies, Williamsport Millionaires, Williamsport Demorest Bicycle Boys, Williamsport Lumber Citys, Williamsport
York1884202468York Revolution, York Pirates, York Bees, York Penn Parks, York Monarchs, York, York White Roses

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data