North Carolina Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (587 tms)

Alaska (30 tms)

Arizona (853 tms)

Arkansas (327 tms)

California (1830 tms)

Colorado (244 tms)

Connecticut (480 tms)

Delaware (97 tms)

District of Columbia (136 tms)

Florida (2381 tms)

Georgia (904 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (253 tms)

Illinois (1236 tms)

Indiana (648 tms)

Iowa (862 tms)

Kansas (456 tms)

Kentucky (458 tms)

Louisiana (470 tms)

Maine (117 tms)

Maryland (527 tms)

Massachusetts (869 tms)

Michigan (686 tms)

Minnesota (491 tms)

Mississippi (276 tms)

Missouri (658 tms)

Montana (277 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (113 tms)

New Hampshire (128 tms)

New Jersey (423 tms)

New Mexico (183 tms)

New York (2368 tms)

North Carolina (1540 tms)

North Dakota (124 tms)

Ohio (1222 tms)

Oklahoma (490 tms)

Oregon (378 tms)

Pennsylvania (1767 tms)

Rhode Island (143 tms)

South Carolina (458 tms)

South Dakota (139 tms)

Tennessee (894 tms)

Texas (1718 tms)

Utah (202 tms)

Vermont (73 tms)

Virginia (1108 tms)

Washington (663 tms)

West Virginia (363 tms)

Wisconsin (691 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (190 tms)

British Columbia (135 tms)

Manitoba (101 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (374 tms)

Quebec (240 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


Aguascalientes (57 tms)

Baja California (99 tms)

Campeche (60 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (184 tms)

Distrito Federal (224 tms)

Durango (19 tms)

Guanajuato (67 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (50 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (103 tms)

Oaxaca (28 tms)

Puebla (71 tms)

Quintana Roo (28 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (285 tms)

Sonora (329 tms)

Tabasco (62 tms)

Tamaulipas (138 tms)

Veracruz (194 tms)

Yucatán (61 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(438 tms)

Australia (132 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (28 tms)

Cuba (903 tms)

Dominican Republic (1206 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (166 tms)

Japan (1224 tms)

Netherlands (154 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (10 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (207 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (343 tms)

Taiwan (180 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (368 tms)

North Carolina

North Carolina Table
City From To # Teams
Albemarle194819481Albemarle Rockets
Angier194619461Angier-Fuquay Springs Bulls
Asheboro2013202310Asheboro Zookeepers, Asheboro Copperheads
Asheville18972023105Asheville Orioles, Asheville Blues, Columbia Sandlappers/Asheville Tourists, Asheville Tourists, Asheville Mountaineers, Asheville, Asheville Moonshiners
Ayden193719382Ayden Aces
Belmont196119611Belmont Chiefs
Boone202320231Boone Bigfoots
Buies Creek201720182Buies Creek Astros
Burlington1942202364Burlington Sock Puppets, Burlington Royals, Burlington Rangers, Burlington Senators, Burlington Indians, Burlington-Graham Pirates, Burlington Bees
Charlotte18922023127Queen City Corndogs, Charlotte Mustangs, Queen City Broncos, Carolina Venom, Charlotte Crushers, Carolina Vipers, Charlotte Prospects, Charlotte Galaxy, Charlotte Knights, Charlotte O's, Charlotte Twins, Charlotte Presbyterians, Charlotte Hornets
Clinton194619505Clinton-Sampson Blues, Clinton Blues
Concord1936202320Concord Athletics, Concord Sports, Concord Nationals, Concord Weavers
Conover1937196211Newton-Conover Twins
Cooleemee193719415Cooleemee Cards, Cooleemee Cools, Cooleemee Weavers
Cornelius201820236Lake Norman Copperheads
Draper1934194813Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets/Abingdon, Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets
Dunn194619494Dunn-Erwin Twins
Durham1900202399Raleigh-Durham Triangles, Raleigh-Durham Phillies, Raleigh-Durham Mets, Durham Bulls
Edenton195120199Edenton Steamers, Edenton Colonials
Elizabeth City191119513Elizabeth City Ablemarles, Elizabeth City
Elkin194919524Landis Spinners/Elkin Blanketeers, Elkin Blanketeers
Fayetteville1909202340Fayetteville Woodpeckers, Fayetteville Swampdogs, Cape Fear Crocs, Fayetteville Generals, Fayetteville A's, Fayetteville Scotties, Fayetteville Cubs, Fayetteville Highlanders
Forest City1936202316Rutherford County Owls, Forest City Owls, Rutherford County Owls/Lexington Indians
Gaston199519951Gaston King Cougars
Gastonia1923202347Gastonia Honey Hunters, Gastonia Grizzlies, Gastonia Tigers, Gastonia Jets, Gastonia Expos, Gastonia Rangers, Gastonia Pirates, Gastonia Rippers, Gastonia Rockets, Gastonia Browns, Gastonia Cardinals, Gastonia/High Point Spinners, Shelby/Gastonia Cardinals, Gastonia Spinners, Columbia/Gastonia Comers
Goldsboro1908195217Goldsboro Jets, Goldsboro Cardinals, Goldsboro Goldbugs, Goldsboro Manufacturers, Goldsboro Giants
Granite Falls195119511Granite Falls Graniteers
Greensboro1902202397Greensboro Grasshoppers, Greensboro Bats, Greensboro Hornets, Greensboro Yankees, Greensboro Red Wings, Greensboro Red Sox, Greensboro Patriots, Greensboro Champs, Greensboro Farmers
Greenville1928195113Greenville Robins, Greenville Greenies, Greenville Tobacconists
Henderson192919313Henderson Gamecocks, Henderson Bunnies
Hendersonville190419493Hendersonville Skylarks, Hendersonville
Hickory1936202347Hickory Crawdads, Hickory Rebels
High Point1920202331High Point Rockers, High Point-Thomasville Royals, High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms, Winston-Salem Twins/High Point Pointers, Danville Leafs/High Point Pointers, High Point Pointers/Danville Leafs, High Point Pointers, High Point Furniture Makers
Holly Springs201520238Holly Springs Salamanders
Kannapolis1936202334Kannapolis Cannon Ballers, Kannapolis Intimidators, Piedmont Boll Weevils, Piedmont Phillies, Kannapolis Towelers, Kannapolis Towlers
Kinston1908202373Down East Wood Ducks, Kinston Indians, Kinston Blue Jays, Kinston Expos, Kinston Eagles/Wilson Tobs, Kinston Eagles, Kinston
Landis1937195011Landis Spinners, Landis Millers, Landis Dodgers, Landis Senators
Lenoir1937201912Lenoir Oilers, Lenoir Red Sox, Salem Friends/Lenoir Red Sox, Lenoir Reds, Lenoir Indians, Lenoir Finishers
Lexington1937196722Lexington Braves, Lexington Giants, Lexington A's, Lexington Indians
Lincolnton194819536Lincolnton Cardinals/Statesville Sports, Lincolnton Cardinals
Lumberton194719504Lumberton Auctioneers, Lumberton Cubs
Marion194819547Marion Marauders
Mayodan193419418Mayodan Millers, Mayodan Orphans, Mayodan Mills, Mayodan Senators
Monroe196919712Monroe Pirates, Statesville/Monroe Indians
Mooresville1936202322Mooresville Spinners, Mooresville Braves, Mooresville Moors, Salisbury Colonials/Mooresville Moors
Morehead City2013202310Morehead City Marlins
Morganton194819525Morganton Aggies
Mount Airy1934195013Mount Airy Reds, Mount Airy Graniteers
New Bern1902195214New Bern Bears, New Bern, New Bern Truckers
North Wilkesboro194819503North Wilkesboro Flashers
Raleigh1900201164Carolina Mudcats, Raleigh Pirates, Raleigh Cardinals, Raleigh Mets, Raleigh Nats, Raleigh Capitals, Raleigh Red Birds, Raleigh Senators
Red Springs194719695Red Springs Twins, Red Springs Red Robins
Reidsville1935195515Reidsville Phillies, Reidsville Luckies
Roanoke Rapids194719526Roanoke Rapids Jays
Rock Hill201820203Piedmont Pride
Rockingham195019501Rockingham Eagles
Rocky Mount1909198043Rocky Mount Pines, Rocky Mount Phillies, Rocky Mount Senators, Rocky Mount Rocks, Rocky Mount Leafs, Rocky Mount Red Sox, Rocky Mount Buccaneers, Rocky Mount Broncos, Rocky Mount Tar Heels, Rocky Mount Carolinians, Rocky Mount Railroaders
Rutherford County194919513Rutherford County Owls
Salisbury1905196829Salisbury Senators, Salisbury Astros, Salisbury Dodgers, Salisbury Braves, Salisbury Rocots, Salisbury Pirates, Salisbury Giants, Salisbury Bees, Salisbury-Spencer Colonials, Salisbury Colonials, Salisbury-Spencer/Winston-Salem Twins
Sanford194119507Sanford Spinners
Selma194619505Smithfield-Selma Leafs
Shelby1936198225Shelby Mets, Shelby Pirates, Shelby Reds, Shelby Senators, Shelby Rebels, Shelby Yankees, Shelby Clippers, Shelby Farmers, Shelby Cubs, Shelby Colonels, Shelby Nationals, Shelby Cardinals, Shelby Cee-Cees
Snow Hill193719404Snow Hill Billies
Statesville1900202322Statesville Tigers, Statesville Colts, Statesville Blues, Statesville Cubs, Statesville Owls, Statesville
Tarboro1900195215Tarboro A's, Tarboro Tars, Tarboro Orioles, Tarboro Cubs, Tarboro Serpents/Goobers, Tarboro Serpents, Tarboro Tartars, Tarboro Tarheels
Thomasville1937202322High Point-Thomasville HiToms, Thomasville Hi-Toms, Thomasville Dodgers, Thomasville Tommies, Thomasville Chair Makers
Valdese193619383Valdese Textiles
Warsaw194719482Warsaw Red Sox
Whiteville195019501Whiteville Tobs
Williamston193719415Williamston Martins
Wilmington1900202331Wilmington Sharks, Wilmington Waves, Port City Roosters, Wilmington Pirates, Wilmington Sailors, Wilmington Giants, Wilmington
Wilson1908202346Wilson Pennants, Wilson Tobs, Wilson Bugs, Wilson Tobacconists
Winston-Salem18922023108Winston-Salem Dash, Winston-Salem Warthogs, Winston-Salem Spirits, Winston-Salem Red Sox, Winston-Salem Red Birds, Winston-Salem Cardinals, Winston-Salem Twins, Winston-Salem Blue Sluggers
Zebulon2012202311Carolina Mudcats

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data