North Carolina Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (576 tms)

Arizona (798 tms)

Arkansas (321 tms)

California (1782 tms)

Colorado (230 tms)

Connecticut (453 tms)

Delaware (93 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Florida (2178 tms)

Georgia (835 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (245 tms)

Illinois (1162 tms)

Indiana (603 tms)

Iowa (842 tms)

Kansas (398 tms)

Kentucky (443 tms)

Louisiana (453 tms)

Maine (110 tms)

Maryland (472 tms)

Massachusetts (774 tms)

Michigan (632 tms)

Minnesota (460 tms)

Mississippi (272 tms)

Missouri (636 tms)

Montana (265 tms)

Nebraska (348 tms)

Nevada (109 tms)

New Hampshire (107 tms)

New Jersey (379 tms)

New Mexico (177 tms)

New York (2162 tms)

North Carolina (1379 tms)

North Dakota (107 tms)

Ohio (1102 tms)

Oklahoma (485 tms)

Oregon (357 tms)

Pennsylvania (1686 tms)

Rhode Island (133 tms)

South Carolina (428 tms)

South Dakota (125 tms)

Tennessee (864 tms)

Texas (1657 tms)

Utah (196 tms)

Vermont (62 tms)

Virginia (957 tms)

Washington (632 tms)

West Virginia (343 tms)

Wisconsin (636 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (152 tms)

British Columbia (125 tms)

Manitoba (96 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (364 tms)

Quebec (220 tms)

Saskatchewan (63 tms)


(11 tms)

Aguascalientes (54 tms)

Baja California (94 tms)

Campeche (57 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Ciudad Mendoza (1 tms)

Coahuila (176 tms)

Distrito Federal (221 tms)

Durango (16 tms)

Guanajuato (64 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (45 tms)

Mexico (2 tms)

Nuevo Leon (98 tms)

Oaxaca (25 tms)

Puebla (68 tms)

Quintana Roo (24 tms)

San Luis Potosi (38 tms)

Sinaloa (278 tms)

Sonora (311 tms)

Tabasco (58 tms)

Tamaulipas (136 tms)

Veracruz (192 tms)

Yucatan (59 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(413 tms)

Australia (125 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (878 tms)

Dominican Republic (1049 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (164 tms)

Japan (1176 tms)

Netherlands (128 tms)

New Zealand (2 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (198 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (323 tms)

Taiwan (170 tms)

United Kingdom (23 tms)

Venezuela (352 tms)

North Carolina

North Carolina Table
City From To # Teams
Albemarle194819481Albemarle Rockets
Angier194619461Angier-Fuquay Springs Bulls
Asheville18972021101Asheville Orioles, Asheville Blues, Columbia Sandlappers/Asheville Tourists, Asheville Tourists, Asheville Mountaineers, Asheville, Asheville Moonshiners
Ayden193719382Ayden Aces
Belmont196119611Belmont Chiefs
Buies Creek201720182Buies Creek Astros
Burlington1942201961Burlington Royals, Burlington Rangers, Burlington Senators, Burlington Indians, Burlington-Graham Pirates, Burlington Bees
Charlotte18922021113Charlotte Knights, Charlotte O's, Charlotte Twins, Charlotte Presbyterians, Charlotte Hornets
Clinton194619505Clinton-Sampson Blues, Clinton Blues
Concord1936195114Concord Sports, Concord Nationals, Concord Weavers, Concord
Conover1937196211Newton-Conover Twins
Cooleemee193719415Cooleemee Cards, Cooleemee Cools, Cooleemee Weavers
Draper1934194813Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets/Abingdon, Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets
Dunn194619494Dunn-Erwin Twins
Durham1900202197Raleigh-Durham Triangles, Raleigh-Durham Phillies, Raleigh-Durham Mets, Durham Bulls
Edenton195119522Edenton Colonials
Elizabeth City191119513Elizabeth City Ablemarles, Elizabeth City
Elkin194919524Landis Spinners/Elkin Blanketeers, Elkin Blanketeers
Fayetteville1909202131Fayetteville Woodpeckers, Cape Fear Crocs, Fayetteville Generals, Fayetteville A's, Fayetteville Scotties, Fayetteville Cubs, Fayetteville Highlanders
Forest City193619606Rutherford County Owls, Forest City Owls, Lexington Indians/Forest City Owls
Gaston199519951Gaston King Cougars
Gastonia1923199237Gastonia Tigers, Gastonia Jets, Gastonia Expos, Gastonia Rangers, Gastonia Pirates, Gastonia Rippers, Gastonia Rockets, Gastonia Browns, Gastonia Cardinals, Shelby/Gastonia Cardinals, Gastonia, Columbia/Gastonia Comers
Goldsboro1908195217Goldsboro Jets, Goldsboro Cardinals, Goldsboro Goldbugs, Goldsboro Manufacturers, Goldsboro Giants
Granite Falls195119511Granite Falls Graniteers
Greensboro1902202194Greensboro Grasshoppers, Greensboro Bats, Greensboro Hornets, Greensboro Yankees, Greensboro Red Sox, Greensboro Patriots, Greensboro Champs, Greensboro Farmers
Greenville1928195113Greenville Robins, Greenville Greenies, Greenville Tobacconists
Henderson192919313Henderson Gamecocks, Henderson Bunnies
Hendersonville190419493Hendersonville Skylarks, Hendersonville
Hickory1936202145Hickory Crawdads, Hickory Rebels
High Point1920201928High Point Rockers, High Point-Thomasville Royals, High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms, Winston-Salem Twins/High Point Pointers, Danville Leafs/High Point Pointers, High Point Pointers/Danville Leafs, High Point Pointers, High Point Furniture Makers
Kannapolis1936202132Kannapolis Cannon Ballers, Kannapolis Intimidators, Piedmont Boll Weevils, Piedmont Phillies, Kannapolis Towelers, Kannapolis Towlers
Kinston1908202171Down East Wood Ducks, Kinston Indians, Kinston Blue Jays, Kinston Expos, Kinston Eagles/Wilson Tobs, Kinston Eagles, Kinston
Landis1937195011Landis Spinners, Landis Millers, Landis Dodgers, Landis Senators
Lenoir1937195110Lenoir Red Sox, Salem Friends/Lenoir Red Sox, Lenoir Reds, Lenoir Indians
Lexington1937196722Lexington Braves, Lexington Giants, Lexington A's, Lexington Indians
Lincolnton194819536Lincolnton Cardinals/Statesville Sports, Lincolnton Cardinals
Lumberton194719504Lumberton Auctioneers, Lumberton Cubs
Marion194819547Marion Marauders
Mayodan193419418Mayodan Millers, Mayodan Orphans, Mayodan Mills, Mayodan Senators
Monroe196919712Monroe Pirates, Statesville/Monroe Indians
Mooresville1936195316Mooresville Braves, Mooresville Moors, Salisbury Bees/Mooresville Moors
Morganton194819525Morganton Aggies
Mount Airy1934195013Mount Airy Reds, Mount Airy Graniteers
New Bern1902195214New Bern Bears, New Bern, New Bern Truckers
North Wilkesboro194819503North Wilkesboro Flashers
Raleigh1900201164Carolina Mudcats, Raleigh Pirates, Raleigh Cardinals, Raleigh Mets, Raleigh Nats, Raleigh Capitals, Raleigh Red Birds, Raleigh Senators
Red Springs194719695Red Springs Twins, Red Springs Red Robins
Reidsville1935195515Reidsville Phillies, Reidsville Luckies
Roanoke Rapids194719526Roanoke Rapids Jays
Rockingham195019501Rockingham Eagles
Rocky Mount1909198043Rocky Mount Pines, Rocky Mount Phillies, Rocky Mount Senators, Rocky Mount Rocks, Rocky Mount Leafs, Rocky Mount Red Sox, Rocky Mount Buccaneers, Rocky Mount Broncos, Rocky Mount Tar Heels, Rocky Mount Carolinians, Rocky Mount Railroaders
Rutherford County194919513Rutherford County Owls
Salisbury1905196829Salisbury Senators, Salisbury Astros, Salisbury Dodgers, Salisbury Braves, Salisbury Rocots, Salisbury Pirates, Salisbury Giants, Salisbury Bees, Salisbury-Spencer Colonials, Salisbury Colonials, Salisbury-Spencer/Winston-Salem Twins
Sanford194119507Sanford Spinners
Selma194619505Smithfield-Selma Leafs
Shelby1936198225Shelby Mets, Shelby Pirates, Shelby Reds, Shelby Senators, Shelby Rebels, Shelby Yankees, Shelby Clippers, Shelby Farmers, Shelby Cubs, Shelby Colonels, Shelby Cardinals, Shelby Nationals
Snow Hill193719404Snow Hill Billies
Statesville1900196720Statesville Tigers, Statesville Colts, Statesville Blues, Statesville Cubs, Statesville Owls, Statesville
Tarboro1900195215Tarboro A's, Tarboro Tars, Tarboro Orioles, Tarboro Cubs, Tarboro Serpents/Goobers, Tarboro Serpents, Tarboro Tartars, Tarboro Tarheels
Thomasville1937196611Thomasville Hi-Toms, Thomasville Dodgers, Thomasville Tommies, Thomasville Chair Makers
Warsaw194719482Warsaw Red Sox
Whiteville195019501Whiteville Tobs
Williamston193719415Williamston Martins
Wilmington1900200121Wilmington Waves, Port City Roosters, Wilmington Pirates, Wilmington Sailors, Wilmington Giants, Wilmington
Wilson1908197335Wilson Pennants, Wilson Tobs, Wilson Bugs, Wilson Tobacconists
Winston-Salem18922021106Winston-Salem Dash, Winston-Salem Warthogs, Winston-Salem Spirits, Winston-Salem Red Sox, Winston-Salem Red Birds, Winston-Salem Cardinals, Winston-Salem Twins, Winston-Salem Blue Sluggers
Zebulon201220219Carolina Mudcats

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data