North Carolina Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (582 tms)

Alaska (25 tms)

Arizona (829 tms)

Arkansas (325 tms)

California (1816 tms)

Colorado (240 tms)

Connecticut (472 tms)

Delaware (96 tms)

District of Columbia (134 tms)

Florida (2320 tms)

Georgia (877 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (250 tms)

Illinois (1219 tms)

Indiana (639 tms)

Iowa (855 tms)

Kansas (413 tms)

Kentucky (454 tms)

Louisiana (466 tms)

Maine (115 tms)

Maryland (515 tms)

Massachusetts (842 tms)

Michigan (675 tms)

Minnesota (484 tms)

Mississippi (274 tms)

Missouri (653 tms)

Montana (273 tms)

Nebraska (362 tms)

Nevada (111 tms)

New Hampshire (123 tms)

New Jersey (404 tms)

New Mexico (182 tms)

New York (2307 tms)

North Carolina (1494 tms)

North Dakota (120 tms)

Ohio (1203 tms)

Oklahoma (488 tms)

Oregon (372 tms)

Pennsylvania (1749 tms)

Rhode Island (141 tms)

South Carolina (452 tms)

South Dakota (137 tms)

Tennessee (885 tms)

Texas (1701 tms)

Utah (200 tms)

Vermont (70 tms)

Virginia (1072 tms)

Washington (651 tms)

West Virginia (359 tms)

Wisconsin (677 tms)

Wyoming (15 tms)


Alberta (183 tms)

British Columbia (130 tms)

Manitoba (100 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (371 tms)

Quebec (231 tms)

Saskatchewan (85 tms)


(11 tms)

Aguascalientes (56 tms)

Baja California (97 tms)

Campeche (59 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Ciudad Mendoza (1 tms)

Coahuila (182 tms)

Distrito Federal (223 tms)

Durango (18 tms)

Guanajuato (66 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (48 tms)

Mexico (2 tms)

Nuevo Leon (101 tms)

Oaxaca (27 tms)

Puebla (70 tms)

Quintana Roo (26 tms)

San Luis Potosi (38 tms)

Sinaloa (282 tms)

Sonora (314 tms)

Tabasco (60 tms)

Tamaulipas (138 tms)

Veracruz (194 tms)

Yucatan (61 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

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Australia (125 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (897 tms)

Dominican Republic (1150 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (164 tms)

Japan (1200 tms)

Netherlands (136 tms)

New Zealand (2 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (202 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (333 tms)

Taiwan (175 tms)

United Kingdom (28 tms)

Venezuela (360 tms)

North Carolina

North Carolina Table
City From To # Teams
Albemarle194819481Albemarle Rockets
Angier194619461Angier-Fuquay Springs Bulls
Asheboro201320229Asheboro Zookeepers, Asheboro Copperheads
Asheville18972022104Asheville Orioles, Asheville Blues, Columbia Sandlappers/Asheville Tourists, Asheville Tourists, Asheville Mountaineers, Asheville, Asheville Moonshiners
Ayden193719382Ayden Aces
Belmont196119611Belmont Chiefs
Buies Creek201720182Buies Creek Astros
Burlington1942202263Burlington Sock Puppets, Burlington Royals, Burlington Rangers, Burlington Senators, Burlington Indians, Burlington-Graham Pirates, Burlington Bees
Charlotte18922022119Charlotte Mustangs, Queen City Broncos, Carolina Vipers, Carolina Venom, Charlotte Knights, Charlotte O's, Charlotte Twins, Charlotte Presbyterians, Charlotte Hornets
Clinton194619505Clinton-Sampson Blues, Clinton Blues
Concord1936202116Concord Athletics, Concord Sports, Concord Nationals, Concord Weavers
Conover1937196211Newton-Conover Twins
Cooleemee193719415Cooleemee Cards, Cooleemee Cools, Cooleemee Weavers
Cornelius202020212Lake Norman Copperheads
Draper1934194813Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets/Abingdon, Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets
Dunn194619494Dunn-Erwin Twins
Durham1900202298Raleigh-Durham Triangles, Raleigh-Durham Phillies, Raleigh-Durham Mets, Durham Bulls
Edenton195120199Edenton Steamers, Edenton Colonials
Elizabeth City191119513Elizabeth City Ablemarles, Elizabeth City
Elkin194919524Landis Spinners/Elkin Blanketeers, Elkin Blanketeers
Fayetteville1909202239Fayetteville Woodpeckers, Fayetteville Swampdogs, Cape Fear Crocs, Fayetteville Generals, Fayetteville A's, Fayetteville Scotties, Fayetteville Cubs, Fayetteville Highlanders
Forest City1936202215Rutherford County Owls, Forest City Owls, Rutherford County Owls/Lexington Indians
Gaston199519951Gaston King Cougars
Gastonia1923202246Gastonia Honey Hunters, Gastonia Grizzlies, Gastonia Tigers, Gastonia Jets, Gastonia Expos, Gastonia Rangers, Gastonia Pirates, Gastonia Rippers, Gastonia Rockets, Gastonia Browns, Gastonia Cardinals, Gastonia/High Point Spinners, Shelby/Gastonia Cardinals, Gastonia Spinners, Columbia/Gastonia Comers
Goldsboro1908195217Goldsboro Jets, Goldsboro Cardinals, Goldsboro Goldbugs, Goldsboro Manufacturers, Goldsboro Giants
Granite Falls195119511Granite Falls Graniteers
Greensboro1902202296Greensboro Grasshoppers, Greensboro Bats, Greensboro Hornets, Greensboro Yankees, Greensboro Red Wings, Greensboro Red Sox, Greensboro Patriots, Greensboro Champs, Greensboro Farmers
Greenville1928195113Greenville Robins, Greenville Greenies, Greenville Tobacconists
Henderson192919313Henderson Gamecocks, Henderson Bunnies
Hendersonville190419493Hendersonville Skylarks, Hendersonville
Hickory1936202246Hickory Crawdads, Hickory Rebels
High Point1920202230High Point Rockers, High Point-Thomasville Royals, High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms, Winston-Salem Twins/High Point Pointers, Danville Leafs/High Point Pointers, High Point Pointers/Danville Leafs, High Point Pointers, High Point Furniture Makers
Holly Springs201520227Holly Springs Salamanders
Kannapolis1936202233Kannapolis Cannon Ballers, Kannapolis Intimidators, Piedmont Boll Weevils, Piedmont Phillies, Kannapolis Towelers, Kannapolis Towlers
Kinston1908202272Down East Wood Ducks, Kinston Indians, Kinston Blue Jays, Kinston Expos, Kinston Eagles/Wilson Tobs, Kinston Eagles, Kinston
Landis1937195011Landis Spinners, Landis Millers, Landis Dodgers, Landis Senators
Lenoir1937195110Lenoir Red Sox, Salem Friends/Lenoir Red Sox, Lenoir Reds, Lenoir Indians, Lenoir Finishers
Lexington1937196722Lexington Braves, Lexington Giants, Lexington A's, Lexington Indians
Lincolnton194819536Lincolnton Cardinals/Statesville Sports, Lincolnton Cardinals
Lumberton194719504Lumberton Auctioneers, Lumberton Cubs
Marion194819547Marion Marauders
Mayodan193419418Mayodan Millers, Mayodan Orphans, Mayodan Mills, Mayodan Senators
Monroe196919712Monroe Pirates, Statesville/Monroe Indians
Mooresville1936202118Mooresville Spinners, Mooresville Braves, Mooresville Moors, Salisbury Colonials/Mooresville Moors
Morehead City201320229Morehead City Marlins
Morganton194819525Morganton Aggies
Mount Airy1934195013Mount Airy Reds, Mount Airy Graniteers
New Bern1902195214New Bern Bears, New Bern, New Bern Truckers
North Wilkesboro194819503North Wilkesboro Flashers
Raleigh1900201164Carolina Mudcats, Raleigh Pirates, Raleigh Cardinals, Raleigh Mets, Raleigh Nats, Raleigh Capitals, Raleigh Red Birds, Raleigh Senators
Red Springs194719695Red Springs Twins, Red Springs Red Robins
Reidsville1935195515Reidsville Phillies, Reidsville Luckies
Roanoke Rapids194719526Roanoke Rapids Jays
Rock Hill202020201Piedmont Pride
Rockingham195019501Rockingham Eagles
Rocky Mount1909198043Rocky Mount Pines, Rocky Mount Phillies, Rocky Mount Senators, Rocky Mount Rocks, Rocky Mount Leafs, Rocky Mount Red Sox, Rocky Mount Buccaneers, Rocky Mount Broncos, Rocky Mount Tar Heels, Rocky Mount Carolinians, Rocky Mount Railroaders
Rutherford County194919513Rutherford County Owls
Salisbury1905196829Salisbury Senators, Salisbury Astros, Salisbury Dodgers, Salisbury Braves, Salisbury Rocots, Salisbury Pirates, Salisbury Giants, Salisbury Bees, Salisbury-Spencer Colonials, Salisbury Colonials, Salisbury-Spencer/Winston-Salem Twins
Sanford194119507Sanford Spinners
Selma194619505Smithfield-Selma Leafs
Shelby1936198225Shelby Mets, Shelby Pirates, Shelby Reds, Shelby Senators, Shelby Rebels, Shelby Yankees, Shelby Clippers, Shelby Farmers, Shelby Cubs, Shelby Colonels, Shelby Nationals, Shelby Cardinals, Shelby Cee-Cees
Snow Hill193719404Snow Hill Billies
Statesville1900196720Statesville Tigers, Statesville Colts, Statesville Blues, Statesville Cubs, Statesville Owls, Statesville
Tarboro1900195215Tarboro A's, Tarboro Tars, Tarboro Orioles, Tarboro Cubs, Tarboro Serpents/Goobers, Tarboro Serpents, Tarboro Tartars, Tarboro Tarheels
Thomasville1937202221High Point-Thomasville HiToms, Thomasville Hi-Toms, Thomasville Dodgers, Thomasville Tommies, Thomasville Chair Makers
Valdese193619383Valdese Textiles
Warsaw194719482Warsaw Red Sox
Whiteville195019501Whiteville Tobs
Williamston193719415Williamston Martins
Wilmington1900202230Wilmington Sharks, Wilmington Waves, Port City Roosters, Wilmington Pirates, Wilmington Sailors, Wilmington Giants, Wilmington
Wilson1908202245Wilson Pennants, Wilson Tobs, Wilson Bugs, Wilson Tobacconists
Winston-Salem18922022107Winston-Salem Dash, Winston-Salem Warthogs, Winston-Salem Spirits, Winston-Salem Red Sox, Winston-Salem Red Birds, Winston-Salem Cardinals, Winston-Salem Twins, Winston-Salem Blue Sluggers
Zebulon2012202210Carolina Mudcats

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data