Michigan Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (576 tms)

Arizona (798 tms)

Arkansas (321 tms)

California (1782 tms)

Colorado (230 tms)

Connecticut (453 tms)

Delaware (93 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Florida (2178 tms)

Georgia (835 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (245 tms)

Illinois (1162 tms)

Indiana (603 tms)

Iowa (842 tms)

Kansas (398 tms)

Kentucky (443 tms)

Louisiana (453 tms)

Maine (110 tms)

Maryland (472 tms)

Massachusetts (774 tms)

Michigan (632 tms)

Minnesota (460 tms)

Mississippi (272 tms)

Missouri (636 tms)

Montana (265 tms)

Nebraska (348 tms)

Nevada (109 tms)

New Hampshire (107 tms)

New Jersey (379 tms)

New Mexico (177 tms)

New York (2162 tms)

North Carolina (1379 tms)

North Dakota (107 tms)

Ohio (1102 tms)

Oklahoma (485 tms)

Oregon (357 tms)

Pennsylvania (1686 tms)

Rhode Island (133 tms)

South Carolina (428 tms)

South Dakota (125 tms)

Tennessee (864 tms)

Texas (1657 tms)

Utah (196 tms)

Vermont (62 tms)

Virginia (957 tms)

Washington (632 tms)

West Virginia (343 tms)

Wisconsin (636 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (152 tms)

British Columbia (125 tms)

Manitoba (96 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (364 tms)

Quebec (220 tms)

Saskatchewan (63 tms)


(11 tms)

Aguascalientes (54 tms)

Baja California (94 tms)

Campeche (57 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Ciudad Mendoza (1 tms)

Coahuila (176 tms)

Distrito Federal (221 tms)

Durango (16 tms)

Guanajuato (64 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (45 tms)

Mexico (2 tms)

Nuevo Leon (98 tms)

Oaxaca (25 tms)

Puebla (68 tms)

Quintana Roo (24 tms)

San Luis Potosi (38 tms)

Sinaloa (278 tms)

Sonora (311 tms)

Tabasco (58 tms)

Tamaulipas (136 tms)

Veracruz (192 tms)

Yucatan (59 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(413 tms)

Australia (125 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (878 tms)

Dominican Republic (1049 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (164 tms)

Japan (1176 tms)

Netherlands (128 tms)

New Zealand (2 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (198 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (323 tms)

Taiwan (170 tms)

United Kingdom (23 tms)

Venezuela (352 tms)


Michigan Table
City From To # Teams
Adrian189519147Adrian Fencevilles, Adrian Champs, Adrian Lions, Adrian Yeggs, Adrian Reformers/Demons
Battle Creek1895202034Battle Creek Bombers, Southwest Michigan Devil Rays, Battle Creek Yankees, Michigan Battle Cats, Battle Creek Belles, Battle Creek Custers, Battle Creek Crickets, Battle Creek Cero Frutos, Battle Creek Adventists
Bay City1883192626Bay City Wolves, Bay City Beavers, Bay City Billikens, Bay City Sugar Citys, Bay City Riders, Saginaw-Bay City Hyphens, Bay City
Belding191419141Manistee/Belding Champs
Berrien Springs191019101Berrien Springs Grays
Big Rapids188718871Big Rapids
Boyne City191119144Boyne City Boosters
Cadillac191019145Cadillac Chiefs
Calumet189119075Calumet Aristocrats, Calumet Red Jackets
Charlotte192619261Charlotte Giants/Flint Vehicles
Detroit18812021153Detroit Wolves, Detroit Stars, Detroit Tigers, Detroit Creams, Detroit Wolverines
Dollar Bay190419041Dollar Bay
East Saginaw188318831East Saginaw Grays
Flint1889195127Flint Arrows, Flint Gems, Flint Halligans, Flint Vehicles, Flint, Flint Flyers, Kalamazoo Kazoos/Flint Flyers
Grand Rapids1883202182West Michigan Whitecaps, Grand Rapids Jets, Grand Rapids Chicks, Grand Rapids Dodgers, Grand Rapids Tigers, Grand Rapids Homoners, Grand Rapids Billbobs, Grand Rapids Joshers, Grand Rapids Champs, Grand Rapids Bill-eds, Grand Rapids Black Sox, Grand Rapids Furniture Makers/Newark Skeeters, Grand Rapids Raiders, Grand Rapids Wolverines, Grand Rapids Orphans, Grand Rapids Colts, Grand Rapids Woodworkers/Wheeling Stogies, Grand Rapids Boers, Columbus Buckeyes/Senators/Grand Rapids Furniturem, Grand Rapids Furniture Makers/Springfield Wanderer, Grand Rapids Cabinet Makers, Grand Rapids Bob-o-links, Grand Rapids Rippers/Gold Bugs, Grand Rapids Gold Bugs, Grand Rapids Rippers, Grand Rapids Shamrocks, Grand Rapids
Hancock190419063Hancock Infants, Portage Lake
Holland191019112Holland Wooden Shoes
Houghton189119073Houghton Giants, Houghton
Ionia188719223Ionia Mayors, Jackson/Ionia Mayors, Ionia
Ishpeming189118922Ishpeming-Negaunee Unions, Ishpeming
Jackson1888191516Jackson Vets, Jackson Chiefs, Jackson Convicts, Saginaw/Jackson White Sox, Jackson, Jackson Wolverines, Jackson Jaxons
Kalamazoo1887202045Kalamazoo Mac Daddies, Kalamazoo Growlers, Kalamazoo Kings, Kalamazoo Kodiaks, Kalamazoo Lassies, Kalamazoo Celery Pickers, Kalamazoo White Sox, Kalamazoo/Flint, Kalamazoo Celery Eaters/Kazoos/Zooloos, Kalamazoo Kazoos
Lake Linden190419063Lake Linden Sandy Cities, Lake Linden Lakers
Lansing1889202142Lansing Lugnuts, Lansing Lancers, Lansing Senators/Mount Clemens Bathers, Lansing Senators, Lansing, Lansing Farmers
Ludington191219268Ludington Tars, Ludington Mariners
Manistee189019134Manistee Champs, Manistee Colts, Manistee
Midland2007202114Great Lakes Loons
Mount Clemens190619134Mount Clemens Bathers
Muskegon1884195330Muskegon Belles, Muskegon Clippers, Muskegon Lassies, Muskegon Anglers, Muskegon Daniels/Muskies, Muskegon Muskies, Muskegon Speeders, Muskegon Speed Boys, Muskegon Reds, Muskegon
Niles191019101Niles Blues
Owosso189518951Owosso Colts
Pontiac191219132Pontiac Indians
Port Huron1883192611Port Huron Saints, Port Huron Independents, Port Huron Tunnelites, Port Huron Tigers, Port Huron Marines, Port Huron
Reed City188718871Reed City
Saginaw1884195132Saginaw Jacks, Saginaw Bears, Saginaw White Sox, Saginaw Athletics, Saginaw Aces, Saginaw Ducks, Saginaw Trailers, Saginaw Krazy Kats, Saginaw Wa-was, Saginaw Salt Eaters, Saginaw Braves, Saginaw Lumberman, Saginaw Lumbermen, Saginaw Alerts, Saginaw, Saginaw Greys
Sault Ste. Marie190519051Sault Ste. Marie Soos
St. Joseph194019412St. Joseph Autos
Traverse City1910202022Northern Michigan Dune Bears, Great Lakes Resorters, Traverse City Pit Spitters, Traverse City Beach Bums, Traverse City Resorters
Utica2016202019Westside Woolly Mammoths, East Side Diamond Hoppers, Birmingham-Bloomfield Beavers, Utica Unicorns
Waterford201020101Oakland County Cruisers

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data