Massachusetts Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (590 tms)

Alaska (53 tms)

Arizona (875 tms)

Arkansas (329 tms)

California (1912 tms)

Colorado (248 tms)

Connecticut (485 tms)

Delaware (98 tms)

District of Columbia (139 tms)

Florida (2428 tms)

Georgia (908 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (255 tms)

Illinois (1248 tms)

Indiana (655 tms)

Iowa (866 tms)

Kansas (460 tms)

Kentucky (464 tms)

Louisiana (472 tms)

Maine (120 tms)

Maryland (547 tms)

Massachusetts (889 tms)

Michigan (700 tms)

Minnesota (493 tms)

Mississippi (278 tms)

Missouri (662 tms)

Montana (281 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (115 tms)

New Hampshire (135 tms)

New Jersey (432 tms)

New Mexico (184 tms)

New York (2389 tms)

North Carolina (1558 tms)

North Dakota (125 tms)

Ohio (1247 tms)

Oklahoma (492 tms)

Oregon (388 tms)

Pennsylvania (1782 tms)

Rhode Island (143 tms)

South Carolina (462 tms)

South Dakota (140 tms)

Tennessee (898 tms)

Texas (1739 tms)

Utah (204 tms)

Vermont (73 tms)

Virginia (1151 tms)

Washington (679 tms)

West Virginia (368 tms)

Wisconsin (696 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (190 tms)

British Columbia (140 tms)

Manitoba (102 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (376 tms)

Quebec (242 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


Aguascalientes (58 tms)

Baja California (101 tms)

Campeche (61 tms)

Chihuahua (48 tms)

Coahuila (187 tms)

Distrito Federal (225 tms)

Durango (20 tms)

Guanajuato (68 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (52 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (105 tms)

Oaxaca (29 tms)

Puebla (72 tms)

Queretaro (1 tms)

Quintana Roo (29 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (289 tms)

Sonora (332 tms)

Tabasco (63 tms)

Tamaulipas (139 tms)

Veracruz (195 tms)

Yucatán (62 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(441 tms)

Australia (138 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (32 tms)

Cuba (919 tms)

Dominican Republic (1212 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (89 tms)

Japan (1250 tms)

Netherlands (154 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (15 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (212 tms)

San Marino (13 tms)

South Korea (353 tms)

Taiwan (186 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (376 tms)


Massachusetts Table
City From To # Teams
Attleboro190819333Attleboro/Lawrence/Woonsocket, Attleboro Burros, Taunton/Attleboro Angels
Berkshire200220032Berkshire Black Bears
Boston18712024216Boston Royal Giants, Boston Bees, Boston Braves, Boston Rustlers, Boston Red Sox, Boston Doves, Boston Americans, Lowell/Manchester/Boston Reds, Boston Resolutes, Boston Blues/Haverhill, Boston Blues, Boston Reds, Boston Reserves, Boston Beaneaters, Boston Red Caps, Boston Red Stockings
Bourne2010202313Bourne Braves
Brewster2010202313Brewster Whitecaps
Brockton1885202447New England Knockouts, Brockton Rox, Quincy Shipbuilders/Nashua Millionaires/Brockton S, Brockton Pilgrims, Brockton Tigers, Brockton/New Bedford Whalers, Syracuse Stars/Brockton B's, Brockton B's, Brockton Shoemakers, Brockton
Cambridge189919342Cambridge Cantabs/Wayland Birds, Cambridge Orphans/Lowell Orphans
Chatham2010202313Chatham Anglers
Cotuit2010202313Cotuit Kettleers
Fall River1877194925Fall River Spindles, Fall River Adopted Sons, Fall River Brienies, Fall River Indians, Fall River Casscade
Falmouth2010202313Falmouth Commodores
Fitchburg189519297Haverhill Hillies/Fitchburg Wanderers/Gloucester H, Fitchburg/Worcester Boosters, Fitchburg Foxes, Fitchburg Burghers, Fitchburg Burghers/Manchester Textiles, Fitchburg/Lawrence, Fitchburg
Harwich2010202313Harwich Mariners
Haverhill1885192823Haverhill Hillies, Haverhill Climbers, Haverhill Hustlers, Haverhill
Holyoke1879202329Valley Blue Sox, Holyoke Blue Sox, Holyoke Millers, Holyoke Papermakers, Holyoke Paperweights, Holyoke
Hyannis2010202313Hyannis Harbor Hawks
Lawrence1884194727Lawrence Millionaires/Lowell Orphans, Lawrence Millionaires, Lawrence Merry Macks, Lawrence Barristers, Manchester/Lawrence Colts, Lawrence Colts, Lawrence Indians, Manchester Gazettes/Lawrence, Lawrence/Salem, Lawrence
Leominster201320175Wachusett Dirt Dawgs
Lowell1877201954Lowell Spinners, Lowell Honeys/Hustlers, Lowell Lauriers, Lowell Millers/Nashua Millionaires, Lowell Highwaymen/Salem Witches, Lowell Grays/Lewiston-Auburn Twins, Lowell Grays, Lowell/Taunton Tigers, Lowell Tigers, Lowell Lowells, Lowell Chippies, Lowell Magicians, Lowell, Lowell Ladies Men
Lynn1877202351North Shore Navigators, North Shore Spirit, Massachusetts Mad Dogs, Lynn Sailors, Lynn Tigers, Lynn Red Sox, Lynn Papooses, Lynn Pipers, Lynn Pirates, Lynn Fighters, Lynn Leonardites, Lynn Shoemakers, Lynn Lions, Lynn/Newburyport Clamdiggers, Lynn, Lynn Live Oaks/Worcester, Lynn Live Oaks
Massachusetts199719993Massachusetts Mad Dogs
New Bedford1895201926New Bedford Bay Sox, New Bedford Millmen, New Bedford Whalers/Worcester, New Bedford Whalers/Browns, New Bedford Whalers
Newburyport188518851Newburyport Clamdiggers/Biddeford
North Adams2013202310North Adams SteepleCats
Northamption190919113Northampton Meadowlarks
Oak Bluffs2013202310Martha's Vineyard Sharks
Orleans2010202313Orleans Firebirds
Pittsfield1894202365Pittsfield Suns, Pittsfield Colonials, Pittsfield Astros, Pittsfield Mets, Pittsfield Cubs, Berkshire Brewers, Pittsfield Rangers, Pittsfield Senators, Pittsfield Red Sox, Pittsfield Phillies, Pittsfield Indians, Pittsfield Hillies, Pittsfield Electrics, Saugerties/Pittsfield Hillies, Pittsfield Colts
Plymouth201320186Plymouth Pilgrims
Salem188419309Salem Witches, Salem Fairies, Salem
South Yarmouth2010202313Yarmouth-Dennis Red Sox
Springfield1878196565Springfield Giants, Springfield Cubs, Springfield Nationals, Springfield Rifles, Springfield Hampdens, Springfield Green Sox, Springfield Tips, Springfield Maroons, Springfield Ponies/Maroons, Springfield Ponies, Springfield Horsemen, Springfield
Taunton189719336Taunton Blues, Taunton Herrings
Waltham188419342Waltham/Worcester Rosebuds, Waltham
Wareham2010202313Wareham Gatemen
Watertown193419341Watertown Townies
Westfield201920235Westfield Starfires
Worcester1879202456Worcester Red Sox, Worcester Bravehearts, Worcester Tornadoes, Worcester Chiefs, Worcester Panthers, Worcester Boosters, Worcester Busters, Worcester Hustlers, Worcester Quakers, Worcester Farmers, Worcester, Worcester Ruby Legs, Worcester Grays

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data