Massachusetts Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (586 tms)

Alaska (25 tms)

Arizona (836 tms)

Arkansas (327 tms)

California (1830 tms)

Colorado (244 tms)

Connecticut (477 tms)

Delaware (97 tms)

District of Columbia (135 tms)

Florida (2350 tms)

Georgia (890 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (253 tms)

Illinois (1236 tms)

Indiana (647 tms)

Iowa (862 tms)

Kansas (431 tms)

Kentucky (458 tms)

Louisiana (468 tms)

Maine (116 tms)

Maryland (522 tms)

Massachusetts (855 tms)

Michigan (682 tms)

Minnesota (491 tms)

Mississippi (276 tms)

Missouri (658 tms)

Montana (277 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (113 tms)

New Hampshire (127 tms)

New Jersey (414 tms)

New Mexico (183 tms)

New York (2351 tms)

North Carolina (1518 tms)

North Dakota (124 tms)

Ohio (1214 tms)

Oklahoma (490 tms)

Oregon (374 tms)

Pennsylvania (1765 tms)

Rhode Island (141 tms)

South Carolina (458 tms)

South Dakota (139 tms)

Tennessee (890 tms)

Texas (1715 tms)

Utah (202 tms)

Vermont (71 tms)

Virginia (1103 tms)

Washington (656 tms)

West Virginia (361 tms)

Wisconsin (691 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (189 tms)

British Columbia (131 tms)

Manitoba (101 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (374 tms)

Quebec (233 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


(11 tms)

Aguascalientes (57 tms)

Baja California (99 tms)

Campeche (60 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Ciudad Mendoza (1 tms)

Coahuila (185 tms)

Distrito Federal (224 tms)

Durango (19 tms)

Guanajuato (67 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (50 tms)

Mexico (2 tms)

Nuevo Leon (103 tms)

Oaxaca (28 tms)

Puebla (71 tms)

Quintana Roo (27 tms)

San Luis Potosi (38 tms)

Sinaloa (286 tms)

Sonora (317 tms)

Tabasco (61 tms)

Tamaulipas (139 tms)

Veracruz (195 tms)

Yucatan (62 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(438 tms)

Australia (132 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (28 tms)

Cuba (903 tms)

Dominican Republic (1156 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (166 tms)

Japan (1224 tms)

Netherlands (145 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (10 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (207 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (343 tms)

Taiwan (181 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (368 tms)


Massachusetts Table
City From To # Teams
Attleboro190819333Attleboro/Lawrence/Woonsocket, Attleboro Burros, Taunton/Attleboro Angels
Berkshire200220032Berkshire Black Bears
Boston18712023215Boston Royal Giants, Boston Bees, Boston Braves, Boston Rustlers, Boston Red Sox, Boston Doves, Boston Americans, Lowell/Manchester/Boston Reds, Boston Resolutes, Boston Blues/Haverhill, Boston Blues, Boston Reds, Boston Reserves, Boston Beaneaters, Boston Red Caps, Boston Red Stockings
Bourne2010202212Bourne Braves
Brewster2010202212Brewster Whitecaps
Brockton1885202343Brockton Rox, Quincy Shipbuilders/Nashua Millionaires/Brockton S, Brockton Pilgrims, Brockton Tigers, Brockton/New Bedford Whalers, Syracuse Stars/Brockton B's, Brockton B's, Brockton Shoemakers, Brockton
Cambridge189919342Cambridge Cantabs/Wayland Birds, Cambridge Orphans/Lowell Orphans
Chatham2010202212Chatham Anglers
Cotuit2010202212Cotuit Kettleers
Fall River1877194925Fall River Spindles, Fall River Adopted Sons, Fall River Brienies, Fall River Indians, Fall River Casscade
Falmouth2010202212Falmouth Commodores
Fitchburg189519297Haverhill Hillies/Fitchburg Wanderers/Gloucester H, Fitchburg/Worcester Boosters, Fitchburg Foxes, Fitchburg Burghers, Fitchburg Burghers/Manchester Textiles, Fitchburg/Lawrence, Fitchburg
Harwich2010202212Harwich Mariners
Haverhill1885192823Haverhill Hillies, Haverhill Climbers, Haverhill Hustlers, Haverhill
Holyoke1879202228Valley Blue Sox, Holyoke Blue Sox, Holyoke Millers, Holyoke Papermakers, Holyoke Paperweights, Holyoke
Hyannis2010202212Hyannis Harbor Hawks
Lawrence1884194727Lawrence Millionaires/Lowell Orphans, Lawrence Millionaires, Lawrence Merry Macks, Lawrence Barristers, Manchester/Lawrence Colts, Lawrence Colts, Lawrence Indians, Manchester Gazettes/Lawrence, Lawrence/Salem, Lawrence
Leominster201620172Wachusett Dirt Dawgs
Lowell1877201954Lowell Spinners, Lowell Honeys/Hustlers, Lowell Lauriers, Lowell Millers/Nashua Millionaires, Lowell Highwaymen/Salem Witches, Lowell Grays/Lewiston-Auburn Twins, Lowell Grays, Lowell/Taunton Tigers, Lowell Tigers, Lowell Lowells, Lowell Chippies, Lowell Magicians, Lowell, Lowell Ladies Men
Lynn1877202247North Shore Navigators, North Shore Spirit, Massachusetts Mad Dogs, Lynn Sailors, Lynn Tigers, Lynn Red Sox, Lynn Papooses, Lynn Pipers, Lynn Pirates, Lynn Fighters, Lynn Leonardites, Lynn Shoemakers, Lynn Lions, Lynn/Newburyport Clamdiggers, Lynn, Lynn Live Oaks/Worcester, Lynn Live Oaks
Massachusetts199719993Massachusetts Mad Dogs
New Bedford1895201926New Bedford Bay Sox, New Bedford Millmen, New Bedford Whalers/Worcester, New Bedford Whalers/Browns, New Bedford Whalers
Newburyport188518851Newburyport Clamdiggers/Biddeford
North Adams201320229North Adams SteepleCats
Northamption190919113Northampton Meadowlarks
Oak Bluffs201620226Martha's Vineyard Sharks
Orleans2010202212Orleans Firebirds
Pittsfield1894202362Pittsfield Suns, Pittsfield Colonials, Pittsfield Astros, Pittsfield Mets, Pittsfield Cubs, Berkshire Brewers, Pittsfield Rangers, Pittsfield Senators, Pittsfield Red Sox, Pittsfield Phillies, Pittsfield Indians, Pittsfield Hillies, Pittsfield Electrics, Saugerties/Pittsfield Hillies, Pittsfield Colts
Plymouth201320186Plymouth Pilgrims
Salem188419309Salem Witches, Salem Fairies, Salem
South Yarmouth2010202212Yarmouth-Dennis Red Sox
Springfield1878196565Springfield Giants, Springfield Cubs, Springfield Nationals, Springfield Rifles, Springfield Hampdens, Springfield Green Sox, Springfield Tips, Springfield Maroons, Springfield Ponies/Maroons, Springfield Ponies, Springfield Horsemen, Springfield
Taunton189719336Taunton Blues, Taunton Herrings
Waltham188419342Waltham/Worcester Rosebuds, Waltham
Wareham2010202212Wareham Gatemen
Watertown193419341Watertown Townies
Westfield201920235Westfield Starfires
Worcester1879202353Worcester Red Sox, Worcester Bravehearts, Worcester Tornadoes, Worcester Chiefs, Worcester Panthers, Worcester Boosters, Worcester Busters, Worcester Hustlers, Worcester Quakers, Worcester Farmers, Worcester, Worcester Ruby Legs, Worcester Grays

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data