Illinois Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (587 tms)

Alaska (30 tms)

Arizona (853 tms)

Arkansas (327 tms)

California (1830 tms)

Colorado (244 tms)

Connecticut (480 tms)

Delaware (97 tms)

District of Columbia (136 tms)

Florida (2381 tms)

Georgia (904 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (253 tms)

Illinois (1236 tms)

Indiana (648 tms)

Iowa (862 tms)

Kansas (456 tms)

Kentucky (458 tms)

Louisiana (470 tms)

Maine (117 tms)

Maryland (527 tms)

Massachusetts (869 tms)

Michigan (686 tms)

Minnesota (491 tms)

Mississippi (276 tms)

Missouri (658 tms)

Montana (277 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (113 tms)

New Hampshire (128 tms)

New Jersey (423 tms)

New Mexico (183 tms)

New York (2368 tms)

North Carolina (1540 tms)

North Dakota (124 tms)

Ohio (1222 tms)

Oklahoma (490 tms)

Oregon (378 tms)

Pennsylvania (1767 tms)

Rhode Island (143 tms)

South Carolina (458 tms)

South Dakota (139 tms)

Tennessee (894 tms)

Texas (1718 tms)

Utah (202 tms)

Vermont (73 tms)

Virginia (1108 tms)

Washington (663 tms)

West Virginia (363 tms)

Wisconsin (691 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (190 tms)

British Columbia (135 tms)

Manitoba (101 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (374 tms)

Quebec (240 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


Aguascalientes (57 tms)

Baja California (99 tms)

Campeche (60 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (184 tms)

Distrito Federal (224 tms)

Durango (19 tms)

Guanajuato (67 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (50 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (103 tms)

Oaxaca (28 tms)

Puebla (71 tms)

Quintana Roo (28 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (285 tms)

Sonora (329 tms)

Tabasco (62 tms)

Tamaulipas (138 tms)

Veracruz (194 tms)

Yucatán (61 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(438 tms)

Australia (132 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (28 tms)

Cuba (903 tms)

Dominican Republic (1206 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (166 tms)

Japan (1224 tms)

Netherlands (154 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (10 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (207 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (343 tms)

Taiwan (180 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (368 tms)


Illinois Table
City From To # Teams
Alton191720234Alton River Dragons, Alton Blues
Aurora188819159Aurora Foxes, Aurora Blues, Aurora Islanders, Joliet Convicts/Aurora Indians, Aurora Maroons, Aurora
Beardstown190919102Beardstown/Jacksonville Jacks, Beardstown Infants
Belleville194719493Belleville Stags
Bloomington1888193940Bloomington Bengals, Bloomington Cubs, Bloomington Bloomers, Anderson/Kokomo/Bloomington, Bloomington, Bloomington Blues, Bloomington Reds
Cairo1897195017Cairo Dodgers, Cairo Giants, Cairo Champions, Cairo Egyptians
Canton190819136Canton Highlanders, Canton Chinks
Centralia190719527Centralia Zeros, Centralia Sterlings, Centralia Cubs, Centralia White Stockings/Paris Colts
Champaign188919946Champaign-Urbana Bandits, Champaign Velvets, Champaign-Urbana Velvets, Logansport/Champaign-Urbana Clippers
Charleston190619083Charleston Evangelists, Charleston Broom Corn Cutters, Mattoon-Charleston Canaries
Chicago18712023360Chicago Colleens, Chicago Brown Bombers, Cole's Chicago American Giants, Columbia CAG, Chicago Columbia Giants, Chicago Giants, Chicago American Giants, Chicago Whales, Chicago Chi-Feds, Chicago Keeleys, Chicago Green Sox, Chicago Cubs, Chicago White Sox, Chicago Orphans, Chicago Lake Views, Chicago Crystals, Chicago Colts, Chicago Garden Citys, Chicago Franklins, Chicago Brands, Chicago Whitings, Chicago West Ends, Chicago Rivals, Chicago Maroons, Chicago/Pittsburgh, Chicago Fairbanks, Chicago White Stockings
Clinton191019123Clinton Champs/Kankakee Kanks, Clinton Champs
Crestwood1998202325Windy City Thunderbolts, Cook County Cheetahs
Danville1888202347Danville Suns, Danville Warriors, Danville Dans, Danville Dodgers, Danville Veterans, Danville Speakers/Moline Plowboys, Danville Speakers, Danville/Staunton Speakers, Danville Old Soldiers, Danville Champions, Danville Browns
Decatur1888197464Decatur Cubs, Springfield Senators/Decatur Nomads, Decatur Commodores, Decatur
Elgin191019152Elgin Watch Makers, Elgin Kittens
Freeport190519157Freeport Pretzels
Galesburg189019127Galesburg Pavers, Galesburg Boosters, Galesburg Hornets, Galesburg, Galesburg/Indianapolis
Geneva1991202332Kane County Cougars
Harrisburg191019134Harrisburg Coal Miners, Harrisburg/Jackson Merchants, Harrisburg Miners, Harrisburg Merchants
Havana190819081Havana Perfectos
Jacksonville189219109Jacksonville Braves, Springfield/Jacksonville, Jacksonville Jacks/Springfield, Jacksonville Jacks, Jacksonville Lunatics
Joliet1890202329Nerds Herd, Chicago Deep Dish, Tully Monsters, Joliet Slammers, Joliet Jackhammers, Joliet Jolly-ites/Sterling Infants, Joliet Standards/Springfield Foot Trackers, Joliet Giants, Joliet
Kankakee191019143Kankakee Kanks, Kankakee Kays
Kewanee190819498Kewanee A's, Moline/Kewanee A's, Kewanee Boilermakers
La Salle191419141La Salle Blue Sox
Lincoln191019145Lincoln Abes
Linton190819081Pana/Linton Coal Miners
Lisle201620192DuPage Pistol Shrimp, DuPage Drones
Macomb190819103Macomb Potters
Marion2007202315Thrillville Thrillbillies, Southern Illinois Miners
Mattoon1899195714Mattoon Athletics, Mattoon Phillies, Mattoon Indians, Mattoon Giants, Kokomo/Mattoon
McLeansboro191019113McLeansboro Miners/Henderson Hens, McLeansboro Billikens, McLeansboro Merchants
Moline1892194726Moline A's, Moline Plow Boys, Moline Plowboys, Rock Island-Moline Islanders, Rock Island-Moline Twins
Monmouth189019137Monmouth Browns, Monmouth
Mount Vernon191019549Mount Vernon Kings, Mount Vernon Blues, Mount Vernon Merchants
Normal2010202313Normal CornBelters
Ottawa189019154Ottawa Indians, Ottawa Modocs, Ottawa
Pana190719071Pana Coal Miners
Paris1908195911Paris Lakers, Paris Parisians
Pekin190919135Pekin Celestials
Peoria18832023100Peoria Suns, Peoria Chiefs, Peoria Redwings, Peoria Tractors, South Bend/Peoria Benders/Distillers, Marion Oilworkers/Peoria Distillers, Peoria Blackbirds, Peoria Distillers, Peoria Canaries, Peoria Reds
Peru202120233Illinois Valley Pistol Shrimp
Quincy1883202365Quincy Cubs, Quincy Jets, Quincy Giants, Quincy Indians, Quincy Red Birds, Quincy Old Soldiers, Quincy Infants, Quincy Vets, Quincy Gems, Quincy, Quincy Little Giants, Quincy Bluebirds, Quincy Browns/Ravens, Quincy Ravens, Quincy Black Birds, Quincy Quincys
Rock Island1883193733Omaha Robin Hoods/Rock Island Islanders, Rock Island Islanders, Rock Island
Rockford1871202377Rockford Rivets, Rockford Aviators, Rockford RiverHawks, Rockford Cubbies, Rockford Royals, Rockford Expos, Rockford Peaches, Rockford Rox, Rockford Wakes, Rockford Wolves, Rockford Wolverines, Rockford Reds, Rockford Red Sox, Rockford Rough Riders, Rockford Forest City, Rockford Forest City/Reds, Rockford Hustlers, Rockford, Rockford White Stockings, Rockford Forest Citys
Romeoville199519973Will County Cheetahs, Will County Claws
Rosemont201820236Chicago Dogs
Sauget2001202322Gateway Grizzlies
Schaumburg1999202323Schaumburg Boomers, Schaumburg Flyers
Shelbyville190719082Shelbyville Queen Citys
Springfield1883202368Springfield Lucky Horseshoes, Springfield Sliders, Springfield Capitals, Springfield Sultans, Springfield Cardinals, Springfield Redbirds, Springfield Giants, Springfield Sallies, Springfield Browns, Springfield Watchmakers, Springfield Hustlers, Springfield Senators, Springfield
Streator191219154Streator Boosters, Streator Speedboys
Taylorville190719113Taylorville Christians, Taylorville Tailors
West Frankfort194719504West Frankfort Cardinals
Zion201020112Lake County Fielders

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data