California Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (587 tms)

Alaska (30 tms)

Arizona (853 tms)

Arkansas (327 tms)

California (1830 tms)

Colorado (244 tms)

Connecticut (480 tms)

Delaware (97 tms)

District of Columbia (136 tms)

Florida (2381 tms)

Georgia (904 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (253 tms)

Illinois (1236 tms)

Indiana (648 tms)

Iowa (862 tms)

Kansas (456 tms)

Kentucky (458 tms)

Louisiana (470 tms)

Maine (117 tms)

Maryland (527 tms)

Massachusetts (869 tms)

Michigan (686 tms)

Minnesota (491 tms)

Mississippi (276 tms)

Missouri (658 tms)

Montana (277 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (113 tms)

New Hampshire (128 tms)

New Jersey (423 tms)

New Mexico (183 tms)

New York (2368 tms)

North Carolina (1540 tms)

North Dakota (124 tms)

Ohio (1222 tms)

Oklahoma (490 tms)

Oregon (378 tms)

Pennsylvania (1767 tms)

Rhode Island (143 tms)

South Carolina (458 tms)

South Dakota (139 tms)

Tennessee (894 tms)

Texas (1718 tms)

Utah (202 tms)

Vermont (73 tms)

Virginia (1108 tms)

Washington (663 tms)

West Virginia (363 tms)

Wisconsin (691 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (190 tms)

British Columbia (135 tms)

Manitoba (101 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (374 tms)

Quebec (240 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


Aguascalientes (57 tms)

Baja California (99 tms)

Campeche (60 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (184 tms)

Distrito Federal (224 tms)

Durango (19 tms)

Guanajuato (67 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (50 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (103 tms)

Oaxaca (28 tms)

Puebla (71 tms)

Quintana Roo (28 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (285 tms)

Sonora (329 tms)

Tabasco (62 tms)

Tamaulipas (138 tms)

Veracruz (194 tms)

Yucatán (61 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(438 tms)

Australia (132 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (28 tms)

Cuba (903 tms)

Dominican Republic (1206 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (166 tms)

Japan (1224 tms)

Netherlands (154 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (10 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (207 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (343 tms)

Taiwan (180 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (368 tms)


California Table
City From To # Teams
195720079Orange County Flyers, Tigers, Pirates, Reds, White Sox, Red Sox, Dodgers, Orioles, Phillies
Adelanto1991201929High Desert Yardbirds, High Desert Mavericks
Alameda1906201810San Francisco Seals, Fruitvale Travelers/Alameda Monday Models, Alameda Alerts, Santa Rosa Prune Pickers/Alameda Bracketts/Oakland, St. Helena/Fruitvale/Alameda Alerts, Alameda Encinals, Alameda Grays, Alameda
Anaheim1941202359Los Angeles Angels, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Anaheim Angels, California Angels, Anaheim/San Bernardino Valencias, Anaheim Valencias, Anaheim Aces
Bakersfield1910202276Bakersfield Train Robbers, Bakersfield Blaze, Bakersfield Mariners, Bakersfield Outlaws, Bakersfield Dodgers, Bakersfield Bears, Bakersfield Boosters, Bakersfield Indians, Bakersfield Badgers, Bakersfield Bees, Bakersfield Drillers
Berkeley191119152Berkeley/San Francisco, Berkeley Clarions
Brawley199519951Imperial Valley Brahmas
California City201720193California City Whiptails
Chico1997201817Chico Heat, Chico Outlaws
Coalinga191019112Coalinga Tigers, Coalinga Savages
Coronado192919291Santa Ana/Pomona/Coronado Orange Countians/Arabs
El Centro194719526El Centro Imps, El Centro Imperials
Elmhurst191019112Elmhurst Tildens/Oakland Carroll Emery Arms, Petaluma/Elmhurst Incubators
Fresno1898202379Fresno Grizzlies, Fresno Suns, Fresno Giants, Fresno Sun Sox, Fresno Cardinals, Fresno Packers, Fresno Raisin Growers, Fresno Tigers, Fresno Raisin Eaters, Fresno, Fresno/Watsonville
Fruitvale191019101San Rafael/Hayward/Fruitvale
Fullerton200520105Orange County Flyers, Fullerton Flyers
Hanford191119111Hanford Braves
Hayward191119111Hayward Cubs
Heraldsburg191019101Heraldsburg/San Leandro Grapevines
Hollywood1926195730Hollywood Stars
Lake Elsinore1994202330Lake Elsinore, Lake Elsinore Storm
Lancaster1995201926Lancaster JetHawks, Lancaster, Antelope Valley Ravens
Lemoore191119111Lemoore Cubs
Lincoln201720182Lincoln Potters
Lodi1904201622Lodi Dodgers, Lodi Orioles, Lodi Lions, Lodi Orions, Lodi Padres, Lodi Crushers, Lodi
Long Beach1910200912Long Beach Armada, Long Beach Breakers, Long Beach Riptide, Long Beach Barracudas, Long Beach Beachcombers, Long Beach Clothiers
Los Angeles18922023142Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles White Sox, Los Angeles McCormicks, Los Angeles Maiers, Los Angeles, Los Angeles-Pacific, Los Angeles Angelenos, Los Angeles Merchants, Los Angeles Rabbits, California of San Francisco, Los Angeles Angels, Los Angeles Seraphs
Martinez201820223Martinez Sturgeon, Martinez Clippers
Marysville1883201810Yuba-Sutter Gold Sox, Marysville Gold Sox, Feather River Mudcats, Marysville Peaches, Marysville Braves, Marysville
Merced191019412Merced Bears, Oakland Invaders/Merced Fig Growers
Mission1914193713Mission Reds, Mission Bells, Sacramento/Mission Wolves
Mission Viejo199719982Mission Viejo Vigilantes
Modesto1914202378Modesto Nuts, Modesto A's, Modesto Colts, Modesto Reds
Monterey201720225Monterey Amberjacks
Napa188320194Napa Silverados, Napa
Oakland18792023145Oakland Athletics, Oakland Larks, Oakland Invaders, Oakland Heeseman, Oakland Clamdiggers, Oakland Commuters, Oakland Oaks, Oakland Reliance, Oakland Morans, Oakland Colonels, Oakland Clevelands, Oakland Tribunes, Oakland Greenhood & Morans, Oakland, Oakland Pioneers
Ontario194719471Ontario Orioles
Oroville194819481Oroville Red Sox
Pacific199819981Pacific Suns
Palm Springs1986199610Palm Springs Suns, Palm Springs Angels
Pasadena191019132Pasadena Millionaires/Santa Barbara Barbareans, Pasadena Silk Sox
Petaluma189419032Petaluma, Petaluma Poison Oaks
Pittsburg194820189Pittsburg Mettle, Pittsburg Diamonds, Pittsburg/Roseville Diamonds
Porterville191119524Porterville Comets, Porterville Packers, Porterville Orange Pickers
Presidio190519062Presidio Soldiers, Presidio
Rancho Cucamonga1993202331Rancho Cucamonga, Rancho Cucamonga Quakes
Redding194819514Redding Browns
Redondo Beach191019101Redondo Beach Sand Dabs
Richmond191019112Richmond Merchants
Riverside1941199511Riverside Pilots, Riverside Red Wave, Riverside Rubes, Riverside Dons, Riverside Reds
Rohnert Park1980200315Sonoma County Crushers, Redwood Pioneers
Rosamond199519951Southern Nomadic Miners
Sacramento18832023100Sacramento River Cats, Sacramento Steelheads, Sacramento Solons, Sacramento Baby Senators, San Francisco Orphans/Sacramento Senators, Sacramento Sacts, Sacramento Cordovas, Tacoma Tigers/Sacramento, Sacramento Gilt Edges, Stockton River Pirates/Sacramento Senators, Sacramento Senators, Sacramento Altas, Sacramento Union, Sacramento
Salinas1954199729Salinas Peppers, Salinas Spurs, Salinas Angels, Salinas Indians, Salinas Mets, Salinas Packers
San Bernardino1899202344Inland Empire 66ers, San Bernardino Stampede, San Bernardino Spirit, San Bernardino Pioneers, San Bernardino Stars, San Bernardino Padres, San Berarndino Merchants, San Bernardino Kittens, San Bernardino
San Diego1899202396San Diego Padres, San Diego Surf Dawgs, San Diego Tigers, San Diego Aces, San Diego Pantages, San Diego Bears, San Diego, San Diego Fullers
San Francisco18782023273PWL Mets, PWL Reds, PWL Indians, PWL Twins, PWL Cardinals, PWL Braves, PWL Pirates, PWL Yankees, PWL Phillies, PWL Dodgers, PWL Giants, PWL Orioles, San Francisco Giants, San Francisco Sea Lions, San Francisco Baby Seals, San Francisco Orphans, San Francisco Seals, San Francisco Pirates, San Francisco Wasps, San Francisco Brewers, San Francisco A's, Pacific of San Francisco, Imperial of San Francisco, San Francisco Californians, California of San Francisco, Imperials of San Francisco, San Francisco Hot Peanuts, San Francisco Friscos, San Francisco Folgers, San Francisco Metropolitans, San Francisco Friscos/Metropolitans, San Francisco Emersons, San Francisco Pioneers, San Francisco Damianas, San Francisco Occidental, San Francisco Reddingtons, San Francisco Niantic/Woonsocket, San Francisco Haverlys, San Francisco Woonsocket, San Francisco Nationals, San Francisco Mystics, San Francisco Bay City, San Francisco, San Francisco Mutuals, San Francisco Unions/Bay City, San Francisco Knickerbockers, San Francisco Star, San Francisco Athletics, San Francisco Californias, San Francisco Reno, San Francisco Eagles
San Jose1885202394San Jose Giants, San Jose Expos, San Jose Missions, San Jose Bees, San Jose Pirates/Las Vegas Wranglers, San Jose JoSox, San Jose Red Sox, San Jose Owls, San Jose Bears, San Jose Prune Pickers, San Jose Brewers, San Jose, San Jose Dukes, San Jose Athletics
San Leandro191119111San Leandro Cherry Pickers
San Rafael201220229San Rafael Pacifics
Santa Ana191019101Santa Ana Walnut Growers
Santa Barbara1941196718Santa Barbara Rancheros, Channel Cities Oilers/Reno Silver Sox, Channel Cities Oilers, Santa Barbara Dodgers, Santa Barbara Saints
Santa Clara197919791Santa Clara Padres
Santa Cruz188820227Santa Cruz Seaweed, Santa Cruz Sand Crabs, Santa Cruz Beachcombers/Sand Crabs, Santa Cruz
Santa Rosa194820223Santa Rosa Scuba Divers, Santa Rosa Cats, Santa Rosa Pirates
Sonoma201420196Sonoma Stompers
Stockton1886202394Stockton Ports, Mudville Nine, Stockton Mariners, Stockton Fliers, Stockton Producers, Stockton Tigers, Stockton Millers, Stockton Wasps, Stockton Hayseeds, Stockton
Tulare191019112Tulare Merchants
Vacaville200020034Solano Steelheads
Vallejo1892201911Vallejo Admirals, Vallejo Chiefs, Vallejo Marines/Watsonville Pippins, Vallejo Pastimes, Vallejo
Venice191319153Venice/Vernon Tigers, Venice Tigers
Ventura194719868Ventura County Gulls, Ventura Oilers, Ventura Braves, Ventura Yankees
Vernon1909192514Vernon Tigers
Visalia1910202373Visalia Rawhide, Central Valley Rockies, Visalia Oaks, Visalia Mets, Visalia White Sox, Visalia A's, Visalia Redlegs, Visalia Stars, Visalia Cubs, Visalia Colts, Visalia Pirates
Wasco201920223Wasco Reserve
Watsonville189918991Watsonville Hayseeds/Gardiners
Willows194819503Willows Cardinals
Yuba City201720171Yuba City Bears

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data