Alabama Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(1 tms)

Alabama (587 tms)

Alaska (30 tms)

Arizona (853 tms)

Arkansas (327 tms)

California (1830 tms)

Colorado (244 tms)

Connecticut (480 tms)

Delaware (97 tms)

District of Columbia (136 tms)

Florida (2381 tms)

Georgia (904 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Idaho (253 tms)

Illinois (1236 tms)

Indiana (648 tms)

Iowa (862 tms)

Kansas (456 tms)

Kentucky (458 tms)

Louisiana (470 tms)

Maine (117 tms)

Maryland (527 tms)

Massachusetts (869 tms)

Michigan (686 tms)

Minnesota (491 tms)

Mississippi (276 tms)

Missouri (658 tms)

Montana (277 tms)

Nebraska (368 tms)

Nevada (113 tms)

New Hampshire (128 tms)

New Jersey (423 tms)

New Mexico (183 tms)

New York (2368 tms)

North Carolina (1540 tms)

North Dakota (124 tms)

Ohio (1222 tms)

Oklahoma (490 tms)

Oregon (378 tms)

Pennsylvania (1767 tms)

Rhode Island (143 tms)

South Carolina (458 tms)

South Dakota (139 tms)

Tennessee (894 tms)

Texas (1718 tms)

Utah (202 tms)

Vermont (73 tms)

Virginia (1108 tms)

Washington (663 tms)

West Virginia (363 tms)

Wisconsin (691 tms)

Wyoming (17 tms)


Alberta (190 tms)

British Columbia (135 tms)

Manitoba (101 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (374 tms)

Quebec (240 tms)

Saskatchewan (89 tms)


Aguascalientes (57 tms)

Baja California (99 tms)

Campeche (60 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (184 tms)

Distrito Federal (224 tms)

Durango (19 tms)

Guanajuato (67 tms)

Hidalgo (7 tms)

Jalisco (50 tms)

Michoacán (1 tms)

México (2 tms)

Nuevo León (103 tms)

Oaxaca (28 tms)

Puebla (71 tms)

Quintana Roo (28 tms)

San Luis Potosí (38 tms)

Sinaloa (285 tms)

Sonora (329 tms)

Tabasco (62 tms)

Tamaulipas (138 tms)

Veracruz (194 tms)

Yucatán (61 tms)

Zacatecas (24 tms)

Other Countries

(438 tms)

Australia (132 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (28 tms)

Cuba (903 tms)

Dominican Republic (1206 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (166 tms)

Japan (1224 tms)

Netherlands (145 tms)

New Zealand (3 tms)

Nicaragua (10 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (207 tms)

San Marino (21 tms)

South Korea (343 tms)

Taiwan (180 tms)

United Kingdom (4 tms)

Venezuela (368 tms)


Alabama Table
City From To # Teams
Abbeville193619361Abbeville Red Sox
Alabama City191719171Tri-Cities Triplets
Albany192119211Albany-Decatur Twins
Alexander City194719515Alexander City Millers
Andalusia1936196213Ozark/Andalusia Dodgers, Andalusia-Opp Indians, Andalusia Arrows, Andalusia Rams, Andalusia Bulldogs, Andalusia Reds
Anniston1903195022Anniston Rams, Anniston Nobles, Anniston Moulders, Anniston Models, Anniston, Anniston Invincibles
Bessemer190419122Bessemer Pipemakers, Bessemer
Birmingham18852023149Birmingham A's, Birmingham Black Barons, Birmingham Barons, Birmingham Reds, Birmingham Bluebirds, Birmingham Grays/Blues/Pensacola, Birmingham Grays, Birmingham Maroons, Birmingham Ironmakers, Birmingham
Brewton190319508Brewton Millers, Brewton
Decatur190319114Decatur Twins, Dalton/Decatur, Decatur
Dothan1915196226Dothan Phillies, Dothan Cardinals, Dothan Rebels, Dothan Browns, Dothan Boll Weevils, Dothan
Enterprise193619527Enterprise/Graceville Boll Weevils, Enterprise Boll Weevils, Enterprise Browns
Eufaula191619534Eufaula Millers, Eufaula
Evergeen193719371Ozark Cardinals/Evergreen Greenies
Evergreen193819381Evergreen Greenies
Gadsden1910195016Gadsden Chiefs, Gadsden Pilots, Gadsden Eagles, Gadsden Steel Makers
Geneva194619505Geneva Red Birds
Greenville193919508Greenville Pirates, Greenville Lions
Headland195019523Headland Dixie Runners
Huntsville1903201436Huntsville Stars, Huntsville Springers, Huntsville Mountaineers/Talladega Highlanders, Huntsville Westerns, Huntsville
Lanett194619516Valley Rebels
Madison202120233Rocket City Trash Pandas
Mobile1886201991Mobile BayBears, Mobile Baysharks, Mobile White Sox, Mobile A's, Knoxville Smokies/Mobile Bears, Mobile Shippers, Mobile Red Warriors, Mobile Marines/Knoxville Smokies, Mobile Bears, Mobile Sea Gulls, Natchez Indians/Mobile Sea Gulls, Chattanooga Warriors/Mobile Bluebirds, Mobile Bluebirds/Atlanta, Mobile Blackbirds, Mobile Swamp Angels, Mobile, Acid Iron Earths
Montgomery1892202392Montgomery Biscuits, Montgomery Wings, Montgomery Rebels/Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers/Montgomery Rebels, Chattanooga Lookouts/Montgomery Rebels, Montgomery Bombers, Montgomery Capitals, Montgomery Lions, Montgomery Grey Sox, Montgomery Rebels, Montgomery Billikens, Montgomery Climbers, Montgomery Black Sox, Montgomery Senators/Dallas Scrappers, Montgomery Senators, Montgomery Grays, Montgomery Colts, Montgomery Lambs
Muscle Shoals192119211Tri-Cities Triplets
Opelika191319518Opelika Owls, Opelika Pelicans, Opelika Opelicans
Oxford202220221Choccolocco Monsters
Ozark193620029Ozark Patriots, Ozark Eagles, Ozark Cardinals
Phenix City201720171Phenix City Crawdads
Russellville192119211Russellville Miners
Selma1901200329Selma Cloverleafs, Selma Selmians, Selma River Rats, Selma Centralites, Selma YMCA, Selma Christians
Sheffield190419263Sheffield-Tuscumbia Twins, Sheffield
Talladega190319309Talladega Indians, Talladega Tigers
Tallassee193919497Tallassee Cardinals, Tallassee Indians
Troy1936194910Troy Tigers, Troy Dodgers/Tuskegee Airmen, Troy Trojans
Union Springs193619383Union Springs Redbirds, Union Springs Springs, Union Springs Springers

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data